Students ' Attitudes And Behaviors Towards Learning And Managing A Classroom

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Teachers these days are indubitably facing many challenges regarding their students’ attitudes and behaviours towards learning and managing a classroom. Teachers have an important role to play in creating a positive classroom environment that is conducive to learning, keeping their students engaged and motivated to learn.
There are many factors that contribute to a students’ level of interest and engagement in learning and teachers have little control over these factors (Lumsden, 1994). Teachers can influence student motivation by using certain practices. (Anderman and Midgley, 1998). Under the tenets of operant conditioning originated by B.F Skinner, it is described as a process which attempts to modify behaviour through the use of reinforcements. Through operant conditioning, an individual makes an association between a particular behaviour and a consequence.
As we know, students’ behaviours vary and differ in terms of their abilities and attitudes in a classroom. With frequently expressed behaviours such as being disruptive, unruly and anti-social, it has negatively affected the teaching and learning processes based on discussions in past researches that students are becoming difficult to teach. However, there are many potential influences on a student’s behaviour and factors that had led to a student behaving a certain way.
This paper will show you the technique and application of operant conditioning and examples in shaping the behaviours of Secondary 2 students in a

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