Substance-Related Disorders Essay examples

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The Substance-Related Disorders category of the DSM-IV-TR, is subdivided into two groups: the Substance Use Disorders (Substance Abuse and Substance Dependence) and the Substance-Induced Disorders (Substance Intoxication, Substance Withdrawal, Substance-Induced Persisting Dementia, Substance-Induced Persisting Amnestic Disorder, Substance-Induced Delirium, Substance-Induced Psychotic Disorder, Substance-Induced Mood Disorder, Substance-Induced Anxiety Disorder, Substance-Induced Sexual Dysfunction, and Substance-Induced Sleep Disorder) (American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., text rev., 2000).
When a person is diagnosed with Substance Dependence, they can be given specifiers such
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Hence, a psychologist should determine what substances the person is using and then appropriately diagnose each substance with each level of use.
Psychologists should not only differentiate between diagnoses within the Substance-Related Disorders category, but they should also distinguish between other disorders in the DSM-IV-TR. For example, Alcohol Disorders should be carefully discriminated from Sedative, Hypnotic and Anxiolytic Withdrawal (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Amphetamine disorders need to be distinguished from Schizophrenia which also includes delusions. Furthermore, Caffeine Disorders should be discriminated from Anxiety Disorders, Sleep Disorders, Manic Episodes and Panic Disorder. Moreover, Cannabis Disorders are discriminated from Dysthymic Disorder, which can also foster a lack of motivation in people. Additionally, people have various reactions to using cannabis; hence, Cannabis Disorders should be differentiated from Major Depressive Disorder, Panic Disorder, Delusional Disorder, Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia, Paranoid Type.
The use of cocaine can also produce changes in a person’s mood; therefore, Cocaine Disorders should be differentiated from Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Bipolar and other Mood Disorders as well as Schizophrenia, Paranoid Type