Symptoms And Treatment Of Clostridium Difficile

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Ever since I’ve been working in long-term care facilities and hospitals for almost fourteen years, my multiple encounters with Clostridium difficile become prevalent as the years go by. The incidence of its unprecedented spread has increased dramatically in the past decade. This observation was proven by the recent National and State Healthcare Associated Infections Progress Report, published March, 2014 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) which suggests that C. difficile has replaced methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as the most common cause of the health-care associated infection, specifically showing the national standardized infection ratio of 0.98 for hospital-onset C. diff infection against 0.96 for MRSA bloodstream infection. The etymology of the rising new “superbug” Clostridium difficile, also known as C. diff is derived from the Greek word klōstēr which means spindle and Latin difficile, “difficult, obstinate”. The genus name, Clostridium is used because under the microscope, the colonies of these bacteria looks like spindles used in cloth weaving and long sticks with a bulge at the end. The species name difficile owing to the fact that when first identified by Hall and O’Toole in 1935 the organism was hard to isolate and grew slowly in pure culture. Based on Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd Ed., C. difficile belong to domain bacteria, phylum Firmicutes, class Clostridia, order Clostridiales, and family
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