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Taking a Look at Chlamydia

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Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacterial infection that can be transmitted during sexual contact with an infected person through vaginal anal or oral sex (REF) Symptoms are usually mild and tend to go unnoticed and this is why it Is known as the silent disease (simms 2006) Chlamydia infection can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease; (PID) which is the most preventable cause of infertility (Paavonen and eggert-kruse 1999) and affects around 10-40% of women (Health protection Agency 2009) (HPA). During an episode of PID bacteria can move into the upper reproductive tract and cause the uterus, fallopian tubes and surrounding areas to become swollen and scarred (RISSER AND RISSER 2007). Repeated episodes of PID increase the risk of infertility and ectopic pregnancy and can be more difficult for a woman to become pregnant because her eggs are unable to pass through easily. (SIMMS 2006) It is estimated that 1 in every 10 women with PID become infertile. Although blocked and damaged tubes can sometimes be treated, where this is not possible some woman may consider a procedure called in vitro fertilisation (IVF) to have children. This involves surgically removing eggs from a woman's ovaries and fertilising them before planting the eggs back into the woman's womb.(OAKESHOTT AND KERRY ET AL 2010).

The National Chlamydia Screening Program was set up in 2003 by the Department of Health. The aim is to control chlamydia through early detection and treatment,
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