Taking a Look at Indian Removal

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Indian removal was a 19th-century course of action to forcefully migrate Native Americans. It started with tribes living on land east of the Mississippi River being forced to move to the west. The ethnic cleansing did not stop there, but instead began to spread. Impatient for land, settlers harassed the government to acquire more Indian Territory. However, throughout the seemingly innocent relocation process many Native American tribes were deceived through treaties and poorly treated.
Resentment of the Cherokee had been accumulating for some time before it reached its peak following the unearthing of gold in northern Georgia. White communities were possessed with gold fever and the desire to expand their lands. With this in mind, the U.S. government decided it was time for the Cherokees to be removed. Senators Daniel Webster and Henry Clay were against the removal of the Cherokee. The missionary to the Cherokees challenged Georgia’s attempt to eliminate their title to land in Georgia. His case went before the Supreme Court and he won. According to the Cherokee Nation, “Worcester vs. Georgia, 1832 and Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia, 1831 are considered the two most influential legal decisions in Indian law.” Georgia won the case in 1831 but in Worcester vs. Georgia, the Supreme Court declared Cherokee sovereignty. In spite of the court’s decision, President Andrew Jackson ordered the removal of the Cherokee. The Cherokee Nation believes “this act established the U.S.

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