Tehran Is The United Republic Of Iran

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Tehran is amongst the largest cities in the Middle East, and is the largest in Iran, a theocratic sovereign state officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran. A regional centre for thousands of years, it became the capital city of Iran in 1788 and has grown to have a metropolitan population of 15.2 million in 2015 (Statistical Center of Iran, 2015). The city’s population in 1900 was only 200,000, rapid growth mainly due to the large rural population’s need for education, healthcare and employment. During the 20th century the city was victim to multiple violent periods, in which time many people fled the densely packed conditions of the city. At the end of such war periods, people flocked in their millions back to city to create a new…show more content…
It didn’t take long before it was realised the people were being sold the fuel so cheaply because it was so poorly manufactured with old equipment and bad formulations. In a short time, this created a serious pollution problem and led the Iranian Government to increase car taxes and implement restrictions on central areas of the city’s roads during peak traffic times. In 2011 there were 4.4 million registered cars in the city, which decreased to 3.1 million in 2013 (Statistical Center of Iran, 2013). This large change is thought to be because of the country’s legislative changes, but it has not had any noticeable impact on the pollution crisis. The number of motorcycles is not recorded but it is believed to be around 5 million (Australian Foreign Press, 2015). For a megacity this number may not seem that high, but it’s the poor quality of these vehicles that causes such problems. The motor vehicles of Tehran are responsible for between 70 and 80 percent of the pollution constantly clouding over the city. The remaining pollution comes from the city’s international airport, industry and power stations. The climate of Tehran is incredibly varied, with snowstorms in winter and extremely hot temperatures in the summer. This makes the idea of low pollutant transport such as walking or cycling unappealing and impractical. The geographical location of Tehran does not help to improve the environmental situation. The city lies in the northern part of Iran, where

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