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Term Seizure Research Paper

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Introduction A sudden attack of neurons is a complex neurological disorder, deemed the term seizure. A seizure is the physical findings or changes in behavior that occur after an episode of abnormal electrical brain activity.1 Epilepsy or seizure disorders affect about 1.8 percent of adults 18 years or older.2 Men present with their first seizure more often; 58%. Symptoms associated with seizures vary according to the brain region affected, and do not always indicate a seizure. Some symptoms involved are drooling, brief blackout, shaking of the entire body, and sudden falls.1 According to John Hopkins Medicine, there are generalized, absence, myoclonic, tonic-clonic, atonic, and partial seizures.3 Most times individuals with seizure activities…show more content…
In certain high risk individuals, medication may be initiated after the first seizure.10 Nonpharmacological treatment that can be initiated include a special diet or removal of the stimulus that could be causing the seizure, if it is known. If an individual is experiencing a seizure, the most important thing to remember is to remain calm. Seizures do not often warrant a 911 call if the person experiences them regularly, but they should be timed for their duration. If they last longer than three minutes, emergency personnel should be notified immediately. If the individual is standing, try to prevent them from falling and move any furniture out of the way. If they are already on the ground, try to position them on their side so any vomit or saliva can leak out.10 There are currently several drugs FDA approved to treat seizures which are each unique to their respective category.11 Seizure prophylaxis is crucial to patients that experience them to enhance their quality of life. Some common drugs used to treat seizures include Carbamazepine, Oxcarbazepine, Levetiracetam, Valproic Acid, Topiramate, Lamotrigine, Lacosamide, and the newest addition that recently acquired FDA approval is Brivaracetam, which is a chemical analogue of
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