Terrorism Between Terrorism And Terrorism

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Question ‐ What trends are evident in terrorism over the past 5 years? How have these trends impacted on the ways in which counter terrorism has responded in the Australian context? Introduction Terrorism poses a serious security challenge to the Australia and globally as it prevalence has increased over a decade although less attacks occur in the Western nations. The purpose of this assignment is to examine what trends and terrorist tactics are evident internationally over the past 5 years and how Australia responded to these trends. Definition To have an understanding of the trends in international terrorism, it is essential to have an understanding of the meaning of the term terrorism. There are hundreds of proposed definitions of terrorism and researchers, experts, security professionals, NGOs, etc have adopted their own definition. In covering the trends and responses, the assignment also examines the debate over a definition of terrorism that distinguishes acts of terrorism from criminal acts. One of the definitions that the international communities had agreed when violence is used for political objectives is as follows; “Terrorism is the deliberate use of violence aimed against civilians in order to achieve political goals (nationalistic, socioeconomic, ideological, religious, etc.)”. It is important to note that this framework is not for regular criminal activity, which warrants the application of criminal legal norms (Boaz Ganor, pp 11-42, 27 May 2009).
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