The Anaconda Plan In 1861

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At the onset of the war in 1861, plans were already being developed by both sides on how to defeat the other in the shortest amount of time. The Union was faced with trying to defeat a secession without destroying the Confederate States with the ultimate goal of returning the states to the Union. One suggestion was made by the standing General-in Chief of the U.S. Army, Winfield Scott, to President Lincoln and later deemed the “Anaconda Plan”. The plan would not be put in action until 1862 and would contribute to the degrading of the Confederacy’s ability to wage war and ultimate surrender to the Union. In 1861, Winfield Scott the standing General-in-Chief of the U.S. Army developed a plan to slowly and passively defeat the Confederacy in…show more content…
His plan, “Anaconda Plan”, was deemed to slow and passive by Union Commanders who believed in a swift and deliberate victory with aggressive force. The Union underestimated the Confederacy’s resilience and resolve to fight the ground war and proved it on the battlefield of the First Battle of Bull Run. This was a wakeup call to the Union commanders that the war would not be quick and easy and turned to the very tactic Winfield Scott first suggested. The Union would succeede in winning the war of attrition not by a naval blockade, but by a ground blockade that resulted in high casualties on both
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