The Appalachian Mountains Of North America

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The Appalachian Mountains are a mountain range in the eastern part of North America. The origin of the mountain ranges name came about when “Spanish explorer Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and his crew were exploring the Florida coast in 1528, they found a Native American town with a name they transliterated as Apalachen. The word ‘Apalachen’ was also applied to an inland mountain range, and through the course of time it became applied to the entire range and its spelling was changed” (“Appalachian Mountains”).
These mountains are some of the oldest mountains on Earth. They even predate the formation of the North American continent. Scientists have measured the Appalachian Mountains to be 300 to 500 million years old. These mountains extend almost 2,000 miles from the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador forming a zone approximately 90 to 300 miles wide, and run all the way down to Alabama in the United States. Additionally, these mountains are found in the following states: Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, New England area, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.

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The Appalachian forms a natural barrier between the eastern coastal plain and the interior lowlands of North America (Aloian 4). The system is divided into three large physiographic regions: Northern Appalachians, Central Appalachians, and Southern Appalachians.

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The Northern Appalachian region
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