because the need for access to the Pacific Ocean for trading. In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe was signed. For 15 million, Mexico ceded more than one-third of its territory and the U.S. acquired all of Arizona north of the Gila River (McClory, 2001). Unfortunately, southern Arizona still was in control by Mexico, which included Tucson. Arizona and New Mexico became one territory called the Territory of New Mexico. Soon after, the United States paid another 10 million for 30,000 square miles of the Mexican territory that included Tucson. Congress thought the purchase was meaningless because it was just desert land. The Gadsden Purchase gave the final boundary that Arizona has today. In 1860, along with the constitution, a governor and other elected officials were established. That was unfortunately short lived because of the Civil War. In 1862, Union troops entered the state and placed it under martial rule, this action further delayed Arizona’s official admission as a state (McClory, 2011).
A constitution is a written document that sets forth the fundamental rules by which a society is governed. Throughout the course of history the United States has lived under two Constitutions since the British-American colonies declared their independence from Great Britain in 1776. First in line was the Articles of Confederation (1789-1789) followed by the Constitution of United States of America (1789-present). The Articles of Confederation was the first formal written Constitution of America that specified how the national government was to operate. Unfortunately, the Articles did not last long. Under the words of the Article’s power was limited; Congress could make decisions, but had no power to enforce them. Also the articles stated
Based on your interpretation of the course text, explain the framers’ (framers’ of the U.S. Constitution) position on the Presidency:
Another rising issue facing congress, California -- a territory that had grown tremendously with the gold rush of 1849, had recently petitioned Congress to enter the Union as a free state. Should this be allowed? Ever since the Missouri Compromise, the balance between slave states and free states had been maintained; any proposal that threatened this balance would almost certainly not win approval.
We follow regulations everyday of our lives. Whether it be making a complete stop at a stop sign, paying our taxes, or refraining ourselves from cutting off the tag of a mattress. It’s important to know what rules we and our elected officials are held accountable for. Being aware and knowing the difference between the United States and Texas Constitution allows citizens to be apprehensive of what is happening in our government. The topics on the amending and impeachment system and the Judicial and Executive Branch grant insight of the proceedings in our governments.
On September 17, 1787 framers in Philadelphia signed “The Constitution of the United States in which it was approved on June 21, 1788 by the ninth state. Once confirmed, along with the addition to the Bill of Rights it developed a mutual standard by which Americans determined the responsibilities and limits of their government. Looking to the Constitution to decide political discrepancies has helped to substitute and preserve a general agreement among people that are otherwise diverse. The Constitution, although two centuries of complications and trials of the American experiment in self-government, is a testament to the cleverness and anticipation of its framers.
The admission of California, a free state, into the union created a significant controversy because there was no slave state to maintain the balance of power. This led to the Compromise of 1850, in which California is admitted into the union as a free state. In turn, the territories of Utah and New Mexico were organized under popular sovereignty, meaning the people living in the territory would decide whether it would be a free state or slave state. The passing of stricter fugitive slave laws was also part of the compromise. This infuriated Northern abolitionists who felt they were being forced to support an immoral institution. This sparked many protests and furthered the abolitionist
In 1850, California was admitted as a free state .which messed up the balance again (16-15) in exchange for no restrictions on slavery in Utah and Mew Mexico and the passage of the fugitive slave act. The Dred Scott case decided that the congress had no right to prohibit slavery in those areas. In March, 1854, The Kansas-Nebraska act repealed the dividing line made by the Missouri compromise. This caused "Bleeding Kansas" which was basically the start of the civil war.
This case had to do with an Ernest Miranda who raped a Patty McGee*. After extracting a written confession from the rapist about the situation, Miranda’s lawyer argued that it was not valid since the Phoenix Police Department failed to read Miranda his rights, also in violation of the Sixth Amendment which is the right to counsel. Some factors that helped support Miranda’s arguments were that the suspect had requested and been denied an opportunity to consult with a lawyer; the suspect had not been effectively warned about his right to remain silent; and an incriminating statement must have been given by the suspect. The author of the Arizona court’s decision, former U.S. Senator and
This led to conflict after the Mexican War in which America gained new territories in the West. This aborted the Missouri Compromise which was probably the most promising compared to the Compromise of 1850. Had the compromise been applied to all American lands then perhaps it could have succeeded. Instead, the Missouri Compromise failed and only led to further conflict between the north and south in the future. Maine became a state in 1820 and Missouri followed the next year in 1821 (PP). For the next 15 years no states entered the Union (RN). From 1836 to 1850 six states were admitted: Arkansas (1836) as a slave state, Michigan (1837) as a free state, Florida (1845) as a slave state, Texas as a slave state in1845 slave, Iowa in 1846 as a free state and Wisconsin in 1848 as a free state (RN). Nevertheless, the Compromise of 1820 lasted for over thirty years until the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 determined that new states north of the boundary deserved to be able to exercise their sovereignty in favor of slavery if they so choose (RN). Once more, in 1849, the Union was facing the same crises it had faced in 1820. In January of 1848, gold was discovered at Sutter’s Mill, which is now in present-day California (LN). From 1848
After the Midwest had been substantially developed, the national focus turned toward the far west. The territory of Texas, controlled by the Spanish, was settled by Americans, who eventually undertook the Texas Rebellion in efforts to win independence. When the United States admitted Texas to the Union in 1845, the Mexican government was outraged, and from 1846 to 1848, the two nation's squared off in the Mexican War. With a resounding victory, the United States gained control of Texas, New Mexico, and California. The Oregon territory was annexed in 1846 as well, and the US controlled the land all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
The plan to divide the government into three branches was proposed by James Madison, at the Constitutional Convention of 1787. He modeled the division from who he referred to as ‘the Perfect Governor,’ as he read Isaiah 33:22; “For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king; He will save us.” http://www.eadshome.com/QuotesoftheFounders.htm
What we see today, as the state of Arizona was once a piece of Mexico due to the fact that the population was very little. The United States took ownership in 1848 after the Mexican-American War. Arizona separate from New Mexico in 1863, and was turned into a state of its own on February 14, 1912. Arizona still keeps on growing today as a state and has become more populated over the years. I will be depicting and dissecting occasions that have affected Arizona turning into a state.
In 1884 Alaska became a civil and judicial district of the United States, Alaska came under the US law and a federal court was established for law enforcement. In 1912, after international boundaries were demarcated between
The Framers of the United States Constitution ultimately decided to give more power to the Federal government rather than the state governments for many reasons. There were many problems with the articles that caused instability in the government, and even a rebellion. Then there’s the Federal government who lacked powers to do anything much because the people were too scared to make the Federal government strong. Lastly, there was the State government who had either too much power or they had power that the Federal government should have. There were a lot of problems with the Articles that needed to be addressed , most of which were addressed.