The Battle of Okinawa Analysis

1863 Words Jun 16th, 2018 8 Pages
World War II consisted of many devastating battles in both the European and the Pacific Theater. The Battle of Okinawa was fought in the Pacific theater. In the beginning of the battle there was little opposition from the Japanese soldiers but as the American troops traveled more inland the more resistance they met. Eventually, the 10th Army came against the fierce challenge of the intricate defense lines the Japanese held up. Many caves and pillboxes in the hills created a formidable challenge for American troops. Slowly though the Allies gained ground and continued to push back the defensive lines of General Ushijima and his troops. The Japanese tried to use kamikaze air and land attacks as successful offensive measures, these …show more content…
To prevent that from happening task force 38 launches 380 air crafts to destroy the ship on April 7. Yamato has no air coverage to protect it and is completely blasted apart. Both of the American groups continue making ground at a slow pace. The only way to gain any ground is to slowly take it yard by yard. When they are fighting in the hills air support becomes virtually useless because of all the caves and pillboxes. This means everything they do must only rely on ground support. Finally Northern Okinawa (Motobu peninsula) falls to the Americans on April 20th. This marks the end of the largest battle of Okinawa in the North. At some point around April 20th a map of the Japanese artillery positions was found on a deceased Japanese artillery officer. These locations were incorporated on the U.S. Maps of Okinawa and handed out to the forces. This certainly assisted in the Corkscrew and Blowtorch fighting happening in the hills. With the map gun emplacements could be easily found and destroyed. On April 24th the Japanese defense line fell back,in order to protect Shuri and Naha the capital. On May 4-6th General Ushijima ordered his troops to commence a land and sea kamikaze air counter offensive. The impossible purpose behind this was to recapture all ground lost to the Allies. All efforts ended in extreme disappointment to the General. The kamikazes were annihilated and their land troops devastated by mortar, artillery, and machine gun fire. Col. Hiromichi
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