The Benefits Of Standardized Testing In Education

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In Chinua Achebe’s Dead Man’s Path, it is seen that Mr. Obi cannot create the school he wants because an ancestral footpath runs across the school’s grounds. When he tries to block the entrances to the path, the townspeople destroy the school. They are unwilling to move the path because of the rituals surrounding it. While not to this extreme, a similar situation can be seen with standardized testing in the United States. We are seen as a country that is below much of the world in our educational standards. Standardized testing was the first major attempt to fix this. While it has its benefits, standardized testing has not been as successful as people have hoped and changes need to be made for the U.S. to have an effective education system.
Standardized testing first came into schools after George W. Bush reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) as the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) in 2002. ESEA was again reauthorized in 2015 by Barack Obama as the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) (Darrow). Both acts were put into place as an attempt to bring the quality of U.S. education to a standard similar to that seen in other countries after the U.S. Department of Education released a report in 1983, finding that “American students’ academic skills were vastly inferior to those of their counterparts in some other industrialized nations.” In the U.S., school testing and standards “have traditionally been crafted, funded and controlled at the state and

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