The Care Setting Of An Intensive Care Unit ( Icu )

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In the acute care setting of an Intensive Care Unit (ICU), more than 500,000 patients die nationwide each year in the US (Nowlin, 2004). An increased surge in patient demand for skilled critical care services, caused by an extended life expectancy due to advances in healthcare, has put an enormous strain on critical care. In many cases the availability of technology can make the difference between life and death for a patient. In addition to providing an extra set of eyes to monitor patients, and streamlining collaboration among healthcare provider, the introduction of the virtual ICU (vICU) helps to bridge the gap of nurse and intensivists shortages naturally that would otherwise make it difficult to meet patient demand. Overview of Virtual Intensive Care Unit The virtual ICU, also known as a tele-ICU or an electronic ICU (eICU), is a form of telemedicine that uses audio/video technology to further increase the of critical care service. The vICU uses two way cameras, microphones, video monitors, telephones, computers and alarms all connected with high bandwidth data lines. The members of the vICU remote staff include; experienced critical care physicians (intensivists), critical care nurses, and data assistants. The remote staff monitors multiple ICU patients at a separate locations and are supplied with live patient data throughout the day. By using voice, video, and data software and hardware, the remote staff can monitor the heart rates, blood pressures, and
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