The Civil Rights Movement from 1954 to 1968 Essay

872 Words 4 Pages
It was a hard time, and for many black persons, it seemed as if all the broken promises of Reconstruction were epitomized in the actions of the Supreme Court of the United States. Ever since the 1870's, the Court had been eviscerating the congressional legislation and constitutional amendments that had been established at the height of Reconstruction to protect some of the basic citizenship rights of black people. 1954 was a new time and more than tears and words were needed. Just about everyone that was black and alive at the time realized that the long, hard struggles, led by the NAACP, had forced the Supreme Court to take a major stand on the side of justice in the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision. "We …show more content…
Martin Luther King Jr. becomes leader of the 12-½ month boycott. In November of 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court rules the Montgomery's segregated bus system is unconstitutional. Although the Brown ruling of 1954 was a unanimous decision, the American public's reactions to it varied greatly. In the North, where segregated schooling was not a matter of public policy, blacks viewed the decision as a victory for equality. Most whites in Northern states felt that the decision had little meaning for them. In the South, however, many whites viewed the Court's decision as an intrusion of the federal government into their way of life. Southerner's pointed out that the North, too, was segregated. Black people in the South were profoundly affected by the court decision. Many felt for the first time that the government might be on their side, and that it might now be possible to throw off years of oppression. But a year passed before the Court delivered its instructions on just how school desegregation was to be implemented. When the Court's directions in what has to be known as Brown II were summarized in the phrase "with all deliberate speed," many black people were disappointed and felt that the government would not support desegregation. In 1957, the Little Rock School Board decides to admit nine black students to its Central High School. The Governor calls out the National Guard