The Conflict Of Adolescence And Early Adulthood

1037 WordsJul 27, 20155 Pages
Kimberly Koreen Research Methods: Introduction What is adulthood? Adulthood can be defined as a stage of being self-sufficient, or it can be defined by demographic transitions such as marriage, parenthood or financial independence. In the United States, one is legally considered an adult at the age of 18, regardless of any cognitive or demographic factors. Human development is divided into several different stages starting at infancy all the way to the last stage of maturity. One of the most influential theories on development was done by Erikson (1968) which associated the stages of development with the internal conflicts that individual must resolve in order to move on with development. For the purpose of my study I will be analyzing the conflicts presented by Erikson for the periods of adolescence and early adulthood and how they compare to Jeffery Arnett’s (2002) newly proposed stage of development ‘emerging adulthood’. Who are you? Erikson’s (1968) fifth stage of psychosocial development is the stage of finding oneself: the conflict of identity versus confusion. During this transitional period one is exploring his or her own identity while leaving childhood behind to become an adult. Although Erikson did not specify an age range associated with each stage, based on his descriptions of the adolescence, it has been interpreted to represent individuals’ ages 12-18 years (Sokol, 2009). When applied to the 21st century, this would mean that individuals have
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