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The Criminal Justice System, Corrections And Their Intersection With Race And Gender Essay

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The criminal justice system is a complex system with many layers and a rich history in the United States. Over the years, we have discovered what works and what does not, even today we are still learning and debating what’s right and what’s wrong with in this system. This article will discuss three components of the criminal justice system policing, courts, corrections and their intersection with race and gender. Topics include the death penalty, sentencing disparities, racial profiling, stop and frisk and parole release to name a few.
History of Policing in the United States Policing in America can be traced back to the 1700’s at a time when slave patrols were beginning to form. According to Kappeler (2014), “In 1704, the colony of Carolina developed the nation’s first slave patrol. Slave patrols helped to maintain the economic order and to assist the wealthy landowners in recovering and punishing slaves who essentially were considered property.” While slave patrols were dominating in the Southern colonies, night watch men were the police force in the northern colonies. They were charged with keeping order, watching out for fires and keeping charge of slaves, in addition slave patrols were responsible for capturing and returning runaway slaves and ensuring they did not revolt. In the 1800’s slave patrols and night watchmen merged into modern day policing. The first police department in the U.S was established in 1845 in New York City (Cole, Smith, and DeLong, 2014).
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