The Cultural Niche : Why Social Learning Is Essential For Human Adaptation

734 Words Sep 12th, 2016 3 Pages
Robert Boyd, Peter J. Richerson and Joseph Henrich in their article: The Cultural niche: Why social learning is essential for human adaptation, suggest that the human inhabitants had been successfully increasing more than any other species on earth, not only because humans are smarter than any other species, but mainly because humans have the particular capacity to learn from other and transmit that knowledge to the next generations. The cultural niche: the ability to observe, to learn from other, and imitate give to humans a very important advantage over other animals. We had been using that knowledge to survive in a harsh environment. Culture is crucial for the adaptation of humans to their environment. (Culture is essential for human adaptation) The Central Inuit survive in the Arctic thanks to what they learned from their ancestors: the language, the new discoveries, and designs they implemented to the everyday activities such as the use of caribou skin to stay warm, the construction of snow houses, the use of soap stone lamps, the hunting of seals, the making baskets, predicting storms and travel on ice.
Cultural adaptation is a social process. (generations) (Miss Brill)(Cultural adaptation is a population process).(require contacto social) The Central Inuit lived in communities, they interact with each other, learn from older generations, and as a group, they do not rely on individual knowledge but in a collective learning that allows them to improve their artifacts…
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