Item #1: I was surprised to learn that the ancient Greeks practiced pederasty and were not considered pedophiles. I never heard of the term pederasty, so I was unaware of the difference. Ancient Greek pederasts were adult males, usually socially prominent, who have an erotic attraction to adolescent boys. These men would take on an adolescent male pupil as a lover. Many pederasts were bisexual because many were married while in homosexual relationships with adolescent boys. These sexual relationships with adolescent boys would not interfere with the boy’s future heterosexual social role. What was really interesting to learn was pedophilia in Ancient Greece was illegal. Pedophilia are paraphilic adults who have sexual interests in children.
Ancient Greece has contributed many ideas to help shape western civilization. Through their social ideas, Ancient Greece created established social classes which formed the foundation for social classes that are still used today. Politically, Ancient Greece contributed democracy and the idea of shared power. Through their culture, Ancient Greece shared their architectural ideas, which are still seen in many buildings today. All of these ideas have been passed down through generation and are still seen today. Socially, politically, and through their culture, Ancient Greece has helped lay the foundation for the development of Western Civilization
I can say in the time of the Greek era women’s lives were very hard on them, referring to the way of thinking from men about the higher statues that they believe by showing inequality between men and women. I do think the reason why women lives were very restricted it was related to the patrilineality society, which is know to be based on the male line. I can conclude why it is less important in a matrilineal culture to keep track of a woman ‘s sexual partners, is because in the time of the ancient Greece they feel that women at the early age between 12 to 14 years old was the time to get married because young girls were pure. Greeks women’s were dominated by patriarchal society in the way that females only purpose in life was to be a mother
The Bronze Age in Greece was a period of time in which their civilization flourished. They were a main power at the time and seemed to have everything they wanted in the palm of their hands. Many other civilizations have a period of time also known as the Bronze Age, however, the bronze age of Greece is widely known to be the most prolific and dominant in history. The Greece Bronze Age is estimated to have lasted from between 8th to 6th century BC to about 146BC. Nobody knows for sure the exact time period in which it began and ended. However, these are the dates that are most widely known to be accurate. No other civilization has been able to remain a dominant world power longer than this time period, which is why this is such an
In examining the impact that the ancient world has had on modern Western civilization, the two ancient civilizations which are frequently understood as having had the greatest influence are Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. These two civilizations would eventually come to shape much of what would become the modern European culture, politics and society, and by extension, a vast proportion of global culture and society. In examining the trajectory of modern history in an era of globalization of Western ideas and modes of living, the importance of these civilizations in world history is extensive, contributing to cultural, political and social trends which may well dominate the globe in the future.
Allison Glazebrook and Kelly Olson’s chapter, “Greek and Roman Marriage" the authors discuss marriage practices in Ancient Greece and Rome and highlight the importance of wives in a family structure and society. They do so by looking at what was required for a legitimate marriage over the course of these civilizations’ history. In both cultures, Glazebrook and Olson especially look at how women and girls’ bodies were policed and defined. From an early age, girls were taught that their role in life would be remain sexually available to their husbands and produce heirs. From a modern perspective, girls in ancient civilizations married extremely young. However, this chapter address the “scientific” justification society gave to promote this practice
The Polis was a unique institution formed during the Dark Ages (1100-776 BCE) in Ancient Greece following the fall of Mycenaean Civilization. The term polis can also be translated in to city-state in that each poleis was its own independent state which were generally organized in to complex hierarchical structures. Poleis were independent in several aspects such as (but not limited to): political, judicial and religious dealings. There were many notable poleis in Ancient Greek, and many of them were in their prime, were very successful however, the ideal polis was Athens. Athens was a model polis because of its political systems, economy, intellectual capital and naval strength.
During the age of classical Greece some men, mainly the wealthier members of society believed that since they were unable to have any sort of emotional or intellectual relationship with their wives other male relationships were considered to be suitable. These men would develop relationships with adolescent boys, becoming their lovers and mentors. To a male citizen of Athens this form of behavior was completely acceptable and the attitude is that their wives should accept it as well. (Clay, 2005), (Levack, Muir, & Veldman, 2011), (Pomeroy, 2012)
Social attitudes about “homosexuality” in ancient Rome differed remarkably to those assumptions of the contemporary Western civilization. The Greeks and Romans had no concept of homosexuality or heterosexuality; the ancient world was exceptionally tolerant of homosexuality, or more specifically bisexuality, as these relationships had been present even in Trajan’s reign. Male prostitutes were appropriately common on the streets, however, what was of great consequence within the sexual relationship between two men were age and the status of sexual dominance and sexual submission (Potts). Men were free to take part in sexual behaviors with other men without any perceived loss of social status, provided that the older male of higher status was in the commanding position. This status reflected on ones manhood and masculinity, “the role of the submissive reduced the passive partner to the level of a woman (Potts).” Nevertheless, Men were still expected to have sexual attraction and relationships towards women because virility and procreation were important to Roman
The Hellenic Age and the Hellenistic Age are the two main periods in Greek history. The Hellenic Age is significantly different from the Hellenistic Age. The Hellenic period saw the rising and falling of the polis while Hellenistic period was plagued by warfare among the remaining dynasties. Despite the differences between the Hellenic and Hellenistic periods, the one thing that remained consistent in both periods was the Greeks' ability to not only advance science and philosophy but to strive for excellence in everything that they undertook including their ability to deemphasize the role of the gods in their lives.
Ancient Greek civilizations mentality is what got them through life by their way of thinking. Even though Greece’s geography isolated the civilizations, it allowed them to see the world by providing the civilizations with the Mediterranean Sea. The geography divided Greece up into city-states that made them strive to do better than each other, which we know today as competition. This allowed for art, politics, literature, athletics, inventions, and new ideas to come about. Greece’s dry and rocky climate allowed for the civilizations to find two cash crops known as grapes and olives. Grapes and olives is what led to Greece civilizations trading around the Mediterranean Sea. This boosted trade, allowed settlement (colonization), and allowed new ways and ideas to come about. When the Persians tried to defeat Greece, Greeks not only
Spartan men, of course have been great soldiers, the best of their time, but for intimacy with woman and family life they were of little use. The fact is that from the time of Lycurgus, in Sparta existed artificial segregation of the genders. Young boys were taken from their families early on and were thought to go without women all their life. By the age of 30 Spartan man perfected this life lesson. It must be noted that at this age, they were instructed to marry. According to Plutarch, even married Spartan lived and ate at the barracks, separated from his wife. (Plut. Lyc. 10.1) Clearly that such division of men and women hardly had a positive effect on the development of heterosexual relationship. But only sex between a man and woman can conceive a baby; therefore, Spartan government provided state measures of coercion and encouragement for Spartan men to fulfill their marital and state duties. The supervisory authorities punished Spartan men for celibacy, for delayed and for bad marriage.
Greece is in geography category and some history. Greece is located in Southern Europe and the end of the Balkan Peninsula. Athens is the capital of Greece. The Ancient Greece is divided into multiple city states: Athens, Sparta, Corintia, Megoar, Argos. The geographical feature, such as mountains restricted internal communications between the countries, however, the sea opened wider horizons and trading. Greece is noted for political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed and influences still in modern civilization.
Those who believe in the Dark Ages myth (hereinafter “myth believers”) argue that Greek and Roman intellectuals were on the verge of great scientific and industrial advancements. Myth believers argue that those who followed religious beliefs created a false reality dominated by religious emotion rather than fact. They claim that the Catholic Church persecuted those who used scientific discoveries to bring about new ideas solely because the new discoveries and ideas conflicted the Bible’s teachings. Myth believers support their claims by referring to the alleged persecution of three well-known intellectuals during the Dark Ages: Galileo, Hypatia and Giordano Bruno. These three intellectuals’ stories vary based on who is telling them; myth
According to Halperin, “the 'sexuality' of the classical Athenians...was constituted by the very principles on which Athenian public life was organized” (Halperin 419). By this he is referring to the fact that sexuality in the Ancient Athens society was socially constructed, but not in the way that it is understood to be socially constructed in modern thought. The so-called sexuality of the Ancient Greek peoples in Athens was directly related to how the society worked, how it was built and how it was understood. Halperin provides a quote from a French anthropologist who is named Maurice Godelier in order to make this point more apparent. This quote states that “it is not sexuality which haunts society, but society which haunts the body's sexuality” (Halperin 419). This statement re-emphasizes the fact that sexuality is a socially constructed concept, entirely dependant upon the society in which it is created in order to be best understood. The history of sexuality, therefore, is a brief history in the sense that the idea of sexuality is constantly being rethought and changed. Halperin sums up the concept of sexuality very well when he says that “[it]...is not a cause but an effect” (Halperin).