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The Death Of Ivan Ilyich

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Though it may seem natural to desire a better place in society, this improvement may come at a price. In Karl Marx’s The Communist Manifesto, Marx discusses the various problems that arise in society to due capitalism and how to solve these problems through communism. Leo Tolstoy’s The Death of Ivan Ilyich focuses on a man whose capitalistic desires end up causing his own downfall. Tolstoy and Marx would argue that some of the biggest problems with capitalistic societies are that they cause individuals to put on a façade and display a false persona for society while also prioritizing the more superficial aspects of life such as material goods and social status over family relations. The result of such a society is a working class that is…show more content…
If the characters had truly cared about Ivan, they would have been more content with attending the funeral ceremonies and not seen it as another task to be completed.
Within The Communist Manifesto, Marx also argues that capitalism has caused individuals to focus too much about money and competing within society. Marx argues that “This organisation of the proletarians into a class, and, consequently into a political party, is continually being upset again by the competition between the workers themselves” (23). People have become so focused about competing for better jobs and better social positions that they have lost touch with the people around them. Rather than pay attention to the needs or problems of others, every person is now focused only on themselves. They are competing for the ideas of money and power that only a few are able to reach. According to Marx, “private property is already done away with for nine-tenths of the population; its existence for the few is solely due to its non-existence in the hands of those nine-tenths” (29). Since only a few people are able to control the land and the companies, the workers are forced to slave away after a dream that they will probably never accomplish. The idea is that the bourgeoisie make the dreams of workers seem attainable so that the workers will make the bourgeoisie richer by putting in more effort into their jobs. The characters in The Death of
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