Kent State University, located in Ohio, faced a tragic event on May 4th, 1970. On this day members of the Ohio National Guard fired into a crowd of students ultimately killing four and severely wounding 9. (Lewis, Hensley) This massacre stunned the country. The various reactions to these students’ deaths came in a widely range throughout the country. Many citizens sparked a voice of belief against these actions and made a significant impact on the aftermath. Neil Young produced a highly acclaimed song, “Ohio”, about 10 days after the shooting. This song became an anthem for those Americans who were completely appalled by the actions involving the war in Vietnam (Songfacts). The legendary song, “Ohio” was an effective anthem to all Americans sparking a an impact to many protestors during a desperate and stressful time. During this time Nixon, an anti-communist and pro-war man, was elected into his presidency. In his presidency, Nixon had promised to demolish all aspects of the Vietnam War and send troops home. In 1769, American troops were found in a village located in Vietnam, causing controversy in America with different beliefs and opinions on the war. After all the commotion caused by past drafts and problems during the time of The Vietnam War, Nixon said he was planning on taking the troops out, ultimately ending the war and violence. Suddenly President Nixon published that the United States military forces began to move into the “Cambodian Incursion”. Many people
As the nations excitement to protest continued to bolster an incident occurred that put a damper to the glitter. During an antiwar protest at Kent State University in Ohio, the National Guard is told to move in and calm protesters. In result they open fire on unarmed students, killing four students and wounding eight others. This caused national uproar of protest and flashed the headlines across the county. Shortly after the horrific event, Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young recorded “Ohio”, which drew attention to and in memory of the wasteful deaths of the Kent State Protest. The first two linen of the song read, “Tin soldiers and Nixon coming, We’re finally on our own,” which puts blame on Nixon and his involvement with the Vietnam War and shows the individualism
College students were aware that over 38,000 American troops had been killed in Vietnam and if something wasn’t done on the streets of America, many more would die. With tensions running high all over America’s college campues, the unrest of the anti-war movent was just about to get worse. Nixon’s decision to engage more troops into a sensless War, sparked a new wave of protests that errupted into many violent standoffs. Unknown to the country, this unrest would take a fatal and trajic turn.
The Vietnam War, lasting for approximately 20 years, was the longest and one of the most controversial wars in American history. Not only did the war take a heavy toll on the American troops fighting abroad, but it also led to riots and tension amongst Americans on the homefront. Two presidents devoted to winning the war against the spread of Communism in Vietnam as quickly and effectively as possible were Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon. Although Johnson was a Democrat and Nixon was a Republican, their foreign policies in Vietnam were similar because they both kept secrets about the war from Congress and because both of their foreign policies were disliked by the American public. However, they differed because Johnson escalated the United
When President Nixon took office in 1969, the U.S. was currently sending american troops to fight in the Vietnam war.Shortly after taking office in 1969, President Nixon introduced a policy called Vietnamization that was intended to end american military involvement in Vietnam war by encouraging all south vietnamese to take more responsibility for fighting the war on their own.
January 1969, Richard Nixon entered the executive office picking up the pieces Lyndon Johnson who had left while the Vietnam War was still in effect. Many Americans had the expectation that Nixon would be the “peaceful president”, visualizing he would put an end to this war in Southeast Asian and bring back home our troops. A policy Nixon redefined was the American role in the world by suggesting to limit the U.S resources and commitments. Therefore, Nixon’s set his efforts to end the war since the withdrawal from Vietnam was not an immediate option. Also, Nixon had his radar on Moscow and China because according to George C. Herring, they felt that they must release the United States from the war in a way that would uphold United States credibility with their friends and foes alike. During Nixon’s term in office, he tries a number of different strategies in his effort to end the war, but to this day, one can see that Nixon only prolonged the war when it could have ended earlier.
The shooting of Kent State University on May 4, 1970 marked a point in the war that divided the nation and brought attention to the war on a scale never seen before. Fighting on the battleground was brought to America’s soil through the power of television and as the battle continued, emotions on the homefront intensified. The executive decision of President Richard Nixon initiated the protests and swung the opinion of the use of military force in Vietnam by his “April 30 announcement that he had sent American forces into Cambodia” (Reichard). President Nixon’s decision of sending forces into Cambodia sparked the protests on many campuses, one of them being Kent State, leading to the shooting and killing of four students, however only two of the students shot and killed were involved in the protests. “The killing… was another important turning point for many GI and veteran activists” (Moser 108).
Nixon’s first term of presidency was full of accomplishments. Once in office, Nixon and his staff faced the problem of how to end the Vietnam War. Nixon made a nationally televised address on November 3, 1969, calling on Americans to renew their confidence in the government and back his policy of seeking a negotiated peace in Vietnam. Earlier that year, Nixon and his Defense Secretary Melvin Laird had unveiled the policy of “Vietnamization,” which entailed reducing American troop levels in Vietnam and transferring the burden of
To start with responding to the widespread protests, Nixon outlined his new Vietnam War policy in this speech; Called “Vietnamization”, Nixon’s war policy called for contraction in American troops but continued fighting. Nixon contrasted his international strategy of political realism with the idealism of a vocal minority. He ended his speech with the famous words that his speech became known by: “So tonight, to you, the great silent majority of my fellow Americans, I ask for your support;”
According to Jeff Hay, Nixon “like the protestors, he wanted to stop the war, end the draft, and stop the killing.” When Nixon changed his mind and realized we had to be involved many people around the country got very upset that he did something he said he was going to do the opposite of. When Nixon declared that the U.S. would be staying in Vietnam to fight in the War these students go very upset. This action caused a lot of protesting in Washington D.C., Kent State and many other places (Hay). The anger of the students led to protesting, which led to violence, which ultimately lead to the national guard firing on a group of about 1,000 young students (Kifner). In “The May 4 Shootings at Kent State University: The Search for Historical Accuracy” “The decision to bring the Ohio National Guard onto the Kent State University campus was directly related to decisions regarding American involvement in the Vietnam War” (Lewis). Without the announcement from President Nixon, of the involvement in the Vietnam war, the Shooting at Kent State would have not taken place. The shooting was not Nixon’s fault, but I think that it made students really mad that they had been told something different than what he was really going to do. It sparked a lot of fire in these people and led to a violent
Protesters had lost their faith in Nixon’s ability to keep his promise of ending the war. Years into the conflict, when he decided to expand into Cambodia, the protesters were outraged. The Vietnam War was costing lives and money, and no one knew exactly what they were supposed to be fighting for, and if the United States was winning. They were incredibly confused, because they had been led to believe the war would be brief against an inferior opponent, such as the North Vietnamese. At home, the draft was drawing more and more young men away from their lives into an uncertain future, and college deferments had been ended. After 15 years, people were angry and tired of this conflict, and they lost trust in Nixon, with his continual misleading of the public. They wanted it to end, and many had trusted Nixon with that endeavor, when he had run for president on the promise of ending the war. However, instead of keeping his campaign promise, he grew the war’s size to include more boundaries, and with that, more American soldiers. The dissenters of his administration felt voiceless and angry.
The United States formulated a plan to safeguard their nation from the Vietnam War. Lyndon Johnson, the President of the United States, was unable to compose a clever plan to prevent North Vietnam from attacking. Eventually, in 1968, Richard Nixon became president and launched an invasion of Cambodia and supported a South Vietnamese invasion of Laos. These two unsuccessful invasions discontented the citizens and individuals held protests against the Vietnam War. Many soldiers refused to fight in the Vietnam War and citizens opposed the United States involvement. Ultimately, in 1973, the United States withdrew their troops from Vietnam and was declared the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Howard Zinn said, “The Vietnam war gave clear evidence
This was one of his greatest mistakes not only during the war, but also his within the timeline of his presidency. He began by creating the Nixon Doctrine. The Doctrine was claimed to be an aid in which it was supposed to “help” Vietnam by claiming we were allies and that we as a nation would support them in the war. This caused a much outrage because of the fact that we were not supposed to further invest ourselves in the war in the first place (Greene 413). The “doves” began to protest this, which caused one of the first signs against Nixon. Many Americans wanted the U.S. to back out of the war altogether. They stated that it wasn’t our war to fight, and that because of Nixon and his rushed plan, we ended up paying a price too heavy for the war. Nixon, on the other hand, stated that he would continue in the involvement of the United States in their effort to help protect and aid Vietnam and continue the Vietnamization process (Foner). But things took a turn for the worst as on April 30, 1970, he called on the order to invade Cambodia. This, in turn, caused a major commotion in the United States. Almost no one wanted another country to be dragged even farther in the war, and they didn’t want to add another enemy against the U.S. In fact, people were so outraged by this that colleges all over the country were protesting against the call and students were
When Richard Nixon first became president he switched responsibilities to South Vietnam. The increasingly unpopular war had created deep divisions in American society as it was this, only made it worse. Nixon believed that this strategy of Vietnamization would help to bring Americans home and for the South Vietnamese to be able to fight communism on their own. He slowly withdrew
President Richard Nixon’s policy on the war in Vietnam by the spring of 1972 had lead to a large draw down in American combat forces. During this draw down, the North Vietnamese Army was preparing for their largest attack of the war. On March 30, 1972, the Nguyen Hue Offensive was launched to take “full advantage of the bad weather typical during monsoon season, offering low