Essay about The Discrimination Against People with Schizoprenia in Japan

Decent Essays

INTRODUCTION Mental illnesses and socio-cultural dynamics have a long association with each other from historical times to the present (Foucault 1988). The image of the mad person has evolved through the ages and across cultures, where he or she has been revered or treated as an outcast, or as an important accessory in contemporary mental health services (Jilek 1971). Whatever the image, the ‘mad’ person has been considered as being different from others in the population. As Foucault’s (1988) seminal work ‘Madness and Civilization’ shows, the ‘mad’ person has gone from being assimilated into ‘normal’ society to being segregated as an outcast and labeled in numerous ways through the centuries. With the advent of ‘modern’ society, …show more content…

On the other hand, in Japan, mental health therapies and processes (such as diagnosis etc.) seem to have been subjected to intense reflection, discussion and indigenization to suit the Japanese clientele (Hwang and Chang 2009, Sato 2006). The central theme of this essay is to understand under the aegis of mental health, why indigenous constructions of self and nosologies have not made leeway into biomedical psychiatry in India. This is seen in comparison to Japan, where psychiatry has not only been considered in its own cultural context but there has also been an effort to comprehend it in indigenous diagnostic terms to a certain extent. One of the major reasons for this perfunctory dependency on western ideas of mental health and notions in Indian biomedical psychiatry has been attributed to “ [...] a post-colonial paralysis of the Indian psyche” (Jadhav 2004). My hypothesis is also that apart from the aforementioned reasons, other factors such as globalization, the hegemony of biomedicine and the availability of multiple mental health support systems for mental health service consumers have contributed to the establishment of a western-style psychiatry in India. Another point that emerges in such a thesis is that the state of biomedical psychiatry in contemporary India is apart from its colonial history, also drastically influenced by the consumers who partake of the biomedical psychiatric services (Souza 2011). This argument then, also forms the crux of the

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