The Dutch Republic

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Introduction The Dutch republic came to be when part of the Netherlands separated from Spanish rule in 1579 and gained international recognition in 1648. It was characterized by its high population density (which is a continuity to this day), and its early, high level of urbanization. From the 16th to 18th centuries, the Dutch rose to power comparable to even Britain and France. This was also the period of time when world trade flourished and linked continents, acquiring the name “global trade.” In fact, the Dutch republic experienced such growth and improvement that the 17th century was the “Dutch golden age.” During the golden age, trade, military, art, and science flourished. This all led to a domination in trade, production of ships, etc.
Western Europe After the split of the Roman Empire, the western half fell as the east prospered. Then in the medieval period, the catholic western European states emerged stronger than ever, causing the distinction between roman catholic/protestant vs eastern orthodox in Europe. Western Europe was made up of competitive states that came to play major roles. The Dutch republic managed to become largely influential and powerful through trade. As previously mentioned, competitiveness was and still is a characteristic of Western Europe. Since the Dutch focused on ship building to support the trade they were beginning to be a part of.
Through this time period emerged the Columbian exchange and some European states also took an interest
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