The End of Slavery and the Civil Rights Movement

547 Words Feb 17th, 2018 2 Pages
The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery, the Fourteenth Amendment gave them citizenship, and the Fifteenth guaranteed them the right to vote. African Americans were separated from whites they could not go to the same public places, schools, or sit with them on the buses. In 1896 the Supreme Court approved the segregation of the races by in ruling in the Plessy v. Ferguson court ruling, which stated that separate but equal places were not a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. The Jim Crow system was first introduced in the 1890s. The system was primarily used to subdue African Americans, in the South. They were also used against many members of other racial and ethnic minorities in other regions. The purpose of the law was to create “separate but equal” treatment (Engelbert 1). Everything was segregated like schools, restaurants, and hotels, but they definitely were not equal. One of the main goals of Civil Rights activists from the 1950s to the mid-1960s was desegregation
The African American Civil Rights movement made many efforts to desegregate school and other public places. One of the first victories came in 1954, which was the Supreme Court ruling in the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas case. The ruling basically stated that public schools should not be separated; they claimed that the schools were indeed…

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