The Environmental Protection Of The Western World

1406 Words Apr 19th, 2016 6 Pages
As the western world having reached a certain development of both society and economy, they transfer their passion to a new and growing movement which is the environmental protection that commonly involves wildlife and wilderness. This kind of transfer in social ideology can be understood as a transfer from anthropocentrism to biocentrism or aesthetic anthropocentrism. Several agencies such as WWF (World Wildlife Fund) and IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) were created to seek opportunities to help and provide funds for protecting nature. However, as Guha (1989) pointed out, the emphasis on nature is positively harmful when applied to less-developed world. Guha (1989) also stated that the wholesale transfer of a movement culturally rooted in American conservation history can merely lead to the social uprooting of populations in rest parts of the world. Therefore, the new environmental agenda of rich, developed nations might undermine the interests and priorities of people who live in the third world.
The first disadvantage of wilderness and wildlife preservation for less-affluent countries is the loss of traditional homes, agriculture lands, hunting accesses and culture for its local populations (Fryer, M. 2015). An example of this dark side from preservation of nature is Project Tiger. Project Tiger is launched after international concern had been raised for tiger ever since the General Assembly of the IUCN in New Delhi in 1969…
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