The Epic of Gilgamesh and the Story of Job are both literary classics. They have several factors that make them very similar, as well as key points that make them extremely different as well. Both of these stories have factors such as the idea of immortality, relationships, and who they worship as main focal points. However, how they view immortality, their relationships, as well as their religious beliefs separate them.
These two works of literature are similar because they both touch on the idea of immortality, and both touch on this due to the loss both main characters experience.The Epic of Gilgamesh touches on the idea of immortality after Gilgamesh loses his best friend Enkidu. The excerpt "From the Epic of Gilgamesh," explains that …show more content…
7-8). God responds with “Have you ever in your life commanded the morning, And caused the dawn to know its place?” (37; 38. 12). This allows Job to accept that there is no such thing as imortality in his religion, and accepts God’s will, for Job cannot understand God’s will.
In both the Epic of Gilgamesh and the Book of Job they both have strong relationships with other beings. Gilgamesh had a close relationship to his best friend Enkidu. His relationship with Enkidu was so vital to him that he chose him over the beautiful goddess Ishtar. The text explains this, “Gilgamesh spurns the affections of Ishtar, and in revenge, she takes Enkidu 's life.”(23; 18-19). On the other hand, Job’s closest relationship is with God. Even when Job lost his children his faith remained unwavering.The The Book of Job makes this clear, “and behold, a great wind came from across the wilderness and struck the four corners of the house, and it fell on the young people and they died.” (36; 1;. 9). Job’s response to this was to fall to the ground and worship, “Naked I came from my mother’s womb. And naked I shall return there. The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away. Blessed be the name of the Lord.” (36; 1. 21-22). This shows the
Multiple differences are seen in between the two stories of the flood; as stated, a major difference is that Gilgamesh is a an epic told to entertain, when Genesis is a religious text. Another difference is the length of the rains and floods. In The Epic of Gilgamesh the rains only
In The Epic of Gilgamesh the lines that are repeated at the beginning and end of the epic show that only immortality a human can gain lies in creating things that last beyond a person’s lifetime. While at the beginning of the epic Gilgamesh is seeking eternal life, when he concludes his journey he realizes that he has created an enduring legend through the foundation of his city, Uruk. Through this legend, Gilgamesh can live on in the memory of his people, long after he has passed away. The epic is able to convey this message multiple ways. The opening lines immediately introduce and impress upon the audience the importance of Gilgamesh, and the significance of his kingship. The epic continues on to describe the city of Uruk, with special consideration given to the walls surrounding Uruk. 3. Finally, the ending repetition of the lines shows that Gilgamesh has become aware of the legacy he has created in Uruk, and and accepts that in lieu of immortality. okay so these are the three? points you are talking about in your paper? make sure they match up with your paragraphs proving them and are not so vague
In his quest for immortality to change his unavoidable destiny, Gilgamesh tried to secure a way to preserve his life in order to avoid suffering because his belief was flawed, while Job secured his life in his belief. He was not afraid of death or of his God, neither did he wish to become one, he just wanted his suffering to be ended by the one whom he believed brought it upon him in the first place. Gilgamesh, on the other hand, sought his own ways to end his suffering and to avoid future sorrow that comes with being human, even though he knew that there was a higher plan that ruled that everlasting life was not his destiny. In contrast, Job was not aware that there was a higher plan that endorsed his agony or the reasons for it. All he had was his faith and integrity, which he held on to despite the undeserved affliction he received through the very hands of the one he expected to redeem him, to later discover that he would. Gilgamesh, in his restless heart, hoped the redemption for his self-inflicted suffering would come from his personal sacrifices, only to find out that it could not.
The Myth known today as the epic of Gilgamesh was considered in ancient times to be one of the great masterpieces of cuneiform literature.The tale revolves around a legendary hero named Gilgamesh, who was known said to be the king of the Sumerian city of uruk.Gilgamesh was known to have supernatural abilities and be half human and half god similar to his best friend who was later known known as Enkindu.This person was also blessed with supernatural abilities and was half human-half animal.Gilgamesh and Enkindu both have similar traits such as they both use love as a motivating force and they both clearly are half human-half supernatural.They also have differences such
While mortal characters contain differences that deal with mortality and age, the depiction of higher power and divine characters come in very different forms, but maintain similar overall behaviors. Due to the similarities in behaviors, the major events are depicted very similar and the outcomes are almost identical. The differences in the stories arise simply because of the context in which each story is written. The Epic of Gilgamesh was written in ancient Mesopotamia where religion was extremely polytheistic. The story in The Hebrew Bible is written with a monotheistic mindset. While these religions are different in terms of the number of gods, there are obvious similarities that arise between the divine figures in each story. The gods in The Epic of Gilgamesh represent different personalities and virtues, but there is
An epic is an extended narrative poem in elevated or dignified language, celebrating the feats of a legendary or traditional hero. The main characteristics of an epic as a literary genre is that it is a long poem that tells a story, it contains an epic hero, its hero searches for immortality (but doesn't find it physically, only through fame), gods or other supernatural beings are interested and involved, and it delivers an historical message. The Epic of Gilgamesh is classified as an epic because it fits all the characteristics of an epic as a literary genre.
Both Stories illustrate each cultures morals to a certain extinct. In the Epic of Gilgamesh true friendship and comradery is exemplified through the relationship of Gilgamesh & Enkidu. They desire companionship and closeness “Enkidu is pleased: "he longed for a comrade, for one who would understand his heart” (Brown). Gilgamesh’s want for compassion and Friendship as well it is shown in his dreams and describe by his Mother. “I made it for you, a goad and spur, and you were drawn as though to a woman. This is a strong comrade, the one who brings help to friend in his need. He is the strongest of wild creatures.”(Norton 15) This strong bond shows how the Sumerian feels about friendship and comradery. Enkidu relationship with Gilgamesh is stronger then that of just friend but like brothers. Gilgamesh’s mother Ninsun adopts Enkidu as her son, not only endorsing his friendship to Gilgamesh but also making him Gilgamesh’s brother “ Strong Enkidu you are not the child of my body, but I
The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Odyssey have been a part of human literature for many, many years now, they are both more referred to as epic poems. Both epics are found in different points of time in human cultures stretching roughly 1000 years apart. The Epic of Gilgamesh is a poem from early Mesopotamian culture and The Odyssey is said to be written from the early onset of the Greek civilization. The main characters for these epics are Gilgamesh, a demigod and ruler of Uruk, and Odysseus a great warrior returning home to his wife from war. The two main characters of these epic poems, Gilgamesh and Odysseus share many traits together and apart from each other. Among the qualities that these characters display in each of their respective poems,
The Epic of Gilgamesh has many similarities to the Bible, especially in Genesis and it’s not just that the both begin with the letter “g”’! One major similarity being the flood story that is told in both works. The two stories are very similar but also very different. Another being the use of serpents in both works and how they represent the same thing. A third similarity being the power of God or gods and the influence they have on the people of the stories. Within these similarities there are also differences that need to be pointed out as well.
Both The Epic of Gilgamesh and In the Beginning share a number of similarities such as their archetypes and steps in their story’s hero’s journey. Each of the two stories have their protagonist, antagonist, and mentor archetypes. In either story, you will find that the character starts in a home setting and then defies their God(s) before then becoming a new person. In both stories, the reader will find the hero/protagonist, mentor, and villain/antagonist archetypes.
The themes of myths speak to concerns for every human being. This shows that different cultures are interconnected and share ideas. From reading the Epic of Gilgamesh we can begin to understand the values help by ancient Mesopotamian society. By reading the Ramayana we can analysis the religion and world view of Hinduism. Many ancient stories seem to parallel each other. Although stories are written in diverse cultures, there tend to be likenesses, especially between the protagonists. This is true with the stories of the Epic of Gilgamesh and the Ramayana when it comes to the depictions of their hero’s.
Modern day books and movies are often variations of ancient stories. There is also a hero in these stories who has gone through the cycle known as the The Hero’s Journey. When looking at Epic of Gilgamesh it can be compared to the modern day children’s movie Toy Story (first movie). The two main characters in Epic of Gilgamesh, Enkidu and Gilgamesh can be compared to Toy Story’s two main characters Woody and Buzz. This comparison can be told by The Hero’s Journey. There are a few important steps in The Hero’s Journey which will be able to define their similarities, their similar situations and the lessons they have learned.
Ancient world literature and early civilization stories turn around human’s relationship with higher beings. Ancient civilizations were extremely religious, holding the belief that their very lives were in the hands of their almighty god or goddess. This holds true for both the people of biblical times as well as those of the epic era. However, their stories have some differences according to cultural variation but the main structure, idea and theme are generally found correlative. It is hard to believe that that one work did not affect the others. The first great heroic epic poem of Gilgamesh and the Old Testament are two cultures that are hundreds of years apart. Upon studying the book of Genesis and the story of Gilgamesh; whereas one
Ancient world literature and early civilization stories are mostly centered on human’s relationship with higher beings. Ancient civilizations were extremely religious, holding the belief that their very lives were in the hands of their almighty god or goddess. This holds true for both the people of biblical times as well as those of the epic era. However, their stories have some differences according to cultural variation but the main structure, ideas, and themes are generally found correlative. It is hard to believe that one work did not affect the others. The first great heroic epic poem of Gilgamesh and the Old Testament are parts of two cultures that are hundreds of years apart. Whereas Gilgamesh is a myth and the book of Genesis is
The Epic of Gilgamesh is the earliest work of literature written down in cuneiform in ancient Mesopotamia in the third millennium B.C. which centers around the unhappiness of Enkidu's death and the quest for immortality.As Paulo Coelho once said, “Life is a constant journey of growing and refining who we are”. In other words, life is a cycle of growing more into ourselves and discovering more about inner selves. The Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic story that started with a confrontational relationship with two equally powerful characters who think diversely becomes into a story of a great powerful friendship.In the Epic of Gilgamesh, we see Enkidu change Gilgamesh into a better version of himself. Gilgamesh who started out as an arrogant king then later transforms into the king that puts his people first rather than himself was all thanks to Enkidu. Throughout this story, we see that Gilgamesh´s actions change who he is and how he acts with certain people. Who would want a king who is selfish and arrogant? I wouldn’t but thanks to the journey that Gilgamesh took he became a better man.