The Five Types Of Schizophrenia

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The DSM- IV categorized schizophrenia as long -term mental disorder. There are five major subtypes of schizophrenia: paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, and residual. The cause of schizophrenia is unknown, although there are few theories that may explain the disorder. Schizophrenia involve the disturbances of the brain’s normal chemistry, anatomy, and physiology function. More specifically, genetic, and other biological factor create various degrees of vulnerability to schizophrenia patients (Millon, 2001).
. According to the biological theories schizophrenia runs in the families. First degree of relatives has a 10% chance to becoming schizophrenics, whereas second degree relative such as cousin or aunt have only
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It is clear that schizophrenia is a very complex disorder, who origins appears to lie in the biological, environmental, and psychological aspects of the disorder. Perhaps, they say that the disorder arise from disruptions in the brain development from before birth through childhood, but today is uncertain the true origin of the disorder To establish the right diagnosis of schizophrenia a psychiatrist need to review and evaluate a set of symptoms during multiple visits to specify the correct subtype. Classification of schizophrenia are divided into five subtypes. Paranoid schizophrenia, tend to appear late in life, mostly ages 25 to30. The most prominent features are delusions of grandeur or persecution; anger’ anxiety argumentativeness, extreme jealousy, often sudden signs of impairment may be indirect. Typical features of paranoid schizophrenia are the suspiciousness and distrust of others, all of whom are assumed to be hostile.
Disorganized schizophrenia distinctive features are containing delusions, hallucinations, incoherent speech, facial grimaces, inappropriate laughter, (giggling), neglected personal hygiene, loss of bladder and bowel control. In most cases the 5 % of all schizophrenics tend to prevalence in homeless population (Palmese, & University of Hartford
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Undifferentiated schizophrenia can take longer to diagnose due to the fluctuation of symptoms. Schizophrenics who do not fit the certain common symptoms ae diagnose with undifferentiated type if they are actively psychotic. Treatment for this type of schizophrenia will depend on the manifestation of symptoms. Medication such as antipsychotic are initially prescribed, this type of atypical medications tends to have less side effects that the other type of antipsychotics. For patients with undifferentiated schizophrenia electroconvulsive therapy is an option if more traditional treatment does not work. Natural treatment such as; antioxidants and amino acids are few options with minimal to no side effects. Physiotherapy and vocational skill training are few options that patients with this condition can benefit, helping them to cope with the symptoms and help the patient to set realistic goals to become productive in society (Millon,

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