The Golden Age of Rome

873 Words May 12th, 2011 4 Pages
The Roman Empire is one of the most prominent civilizations that has walked the face of the Earth. The amount of amazing things that took place because of the Romans is astonishing in its own right, so for the time period of the Pax Romana to be considered the greatest age of Rome, there must have been some great achievements that had taken place during these first two centuries. With the rise of Rome coming from Augustus Caesar during this time, Rome also had its declining downfall come soon after. Rome’s legacy was left in many places during the time, and still to this day is expressed throughout the modern world. The Pax Romana lasted from roughly 31 B.C.- 180 A.D. During this time period, the state of the Roman Empire was at its …show more content…
One of the major works during this time was the Aeneid, which was written by Virgil at the request of Augustus. This work of literature was based on Augustus and his role in founding the empire. In this also included, “Roman virtues- patriotism, devotion to the family, duty to the state, and a strong sense of religion.” Other classical writers of the time were Horace, whose poetry was based on the value of moderation and the beauty of friendships. The two major leaders in the art of science were Ptolemy and Galen. Ptolemy was a scientist of math, geography, and astronomy. He wrote, Mathematical Composition which was the prominent all the way through The Middle Ages. As Ptolemy was to math and astronomy, Galen was the prominent medicinal scientist of his time. He was known for dissecting humans and also animals. Even though much of his work was found to be wrong, his contribution to the future of anatomy was great. Roman government was now being governed differently and with this came new law. Roman law started off by passing through two stages, the formation of civil law and the formation of the law of nations. The law of nations came to be applied throughout the empire, although it never fully applied local law. These laws were brought about to bring everyone together. The government was also being run differently because unlike in the past where the Republic was corrupt and wanted to exploit each other, the Empire was trying

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