The Great War 1914-1918

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The Great War “The War to end all Wars” 1914 - 1918 There was no single reason why WW1 began, but several factors led to it. Tensions throughout Europe had been growing for many years – nationalism, an arms race, disputes over territories and the division of Europe into two hostile groups were all factors that contributed and helped lead to the beginning of the Great War. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by Serbian terrorists led to the Austro-Hungarian invasion of Serbia, July 29th 1914. Around this time, Russia mobilized troops to prevent Serbia being crushed. Germany declared war on Russia and, realizing that France would support Russia, declared war on France as well. I don’t see how declaring war on multiple countries at the same time is logical battle strategy. But they thought what they thought. After Germany invaded the neutral country Belgium, Britain declared war on Germany. Japan, seeing the chance to seize German land located in China, also declared war on Germany. Bulgaria and Turkey sided with the Central Powers and soon most countries in Europe had become involved in the Great War. Britain declared war on Germany in 1914, and Australians were eager to sign up for an exciting war that was predicted to be over by Christmas. For Australia, and several other nations, the First World War remains the most expensive conflict in history. From a population of fewer than four million, approximately 350,000 men enlisted,

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