The Ideas Of Machiavelli's The Code Of Hammurabi

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“The Code of Hammurabi”, is about how Hammurabi himself, is a wise prince called upon by the amazing king Anu and Bel, the lord of Heaven and earth, by creating rules of morality. Like other philosophers such as Hobbes who think humans are purely selfish and need to give up their rights or Locke, he though humans can be equal and independent as long as “no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty , or possessions.” Also, Plato stated that humans need virtues to stay motivated. Lastly, Machiavelli simply put rulers needed to be feared instead of loved in order to control the people To summarize, Hammurabi made hundreds of rules for morality, 282 to be exact, and a few of those are similar to the ideas of others. To start off, “The Code of Hammurabi” relates to many philosophers writings, including Hobbes’ “Leviathan”. Hobbes believed that humans natural state was evil and needed to be controlled, or else there would be chaos. If there was anarchy, there would be no people because they’d all be fighting each other to the death for what they want. He proposed the idea of the Social Contract Theory, people give up their rights, freedom basically everything in exchange for peace and protection. This is similar to a few rules in “The Code of Hammurabi, including, 15: If any one take a male or female slave of the court...outside the city gates, he shall be put to death or even rules 195-200 which basically state “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.” To put it

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