The Impact Of Developmental Changes On Africa From The Close Of Wwi Through The 1990s

1326 Words Jun 8th, 2016 6 Pages
Chinecherem Eze
History 39
Developmental Changes in Africa from the close of WWII through the 1990s
From the close of World War II through the 1990s, sub-Saharan Africa experienced major transformations in form of accomplishments as well as challenges. Some of the accomplishments includes decolonization and gaining independence from previous colonial masters and subsequently moving away from authoritarian regimes to embrace democracy. They have also been faced with some challenges of poverty, and weak state. The main obstacle to the economic advancement of Africans is the social cum racial inequality between Africans and their colonizers in addition to the lack of human dignity experienced by Africans as the direct result of the policy of white supremacy.
During the Scramble for Africa in the late 1900s, European powers divided Africa and its resources into political partitions at the Berlin Conference of 1884-85. By the early 1900s, African soil was almost completely controlled by European rule, with the only exceptions being Liberia (which had been settled by African-American former slaves) and Ethiopia (which had successfully resisted colonization by Italy). As a result of colonialism and imperialism, Africa suffered long term effects, such as the loss of important natural resources, economic devastation, cultural confusion, geopolitical division, and political subjugation (Lecture). It was for this cause that Africans sought for their independence. Therefore…
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