The Impact Of Humanism In The Renaissance

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During the Renaissance, a program of study known as humanism, impacted education, art, politics, and ultimately shaped the Italian Renaissance. Humanism is defined as “a program of study designed by Italians that emphasized the critical study of Latin and Greek literature with the goal of understanding human nature.” [1] Humanism changed people’s views and allowed them to start portraying people in a more realistic and relatable way. Many artists began to drift away from religious subjects and instead, began to focus more on individuals and their lives. In addition, humanism also allowed people to create new architecture that resembled classical constructions. Humanism impacted many visual arts, which include Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa, Michelangelo’s David, and Filippo Brunelleschi’s Dome. The Mona Lisa was painted between 1503 and 1506 by Leonardo da Vinci, and is one of the most famous paintings in the world today. The painting is a portrait of Lisa Gherardini, and was painted for her husband, Francesco del Giocondo. Humanism has impacted this portrait in various ways. Lisa’s smile has been described to be so “enigmatic” [1] that people are still trying to interpret the feelings behind her smile. The painting is greatly impacted by humanism as it focuses on realism and relatability, allowing Lisa to be portrayed as an everyday woman with the same flaws and impurities as anyone else. This differs from the Middle Ages as all people used to be portrayed in such as

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