“What separates the winners from the losers is how a person reacts to each new twist of fate.” This becomes true when regarding any situation which life presents itself, and the losers ultimately spend their days wallowing in their grief as they realize how they mishandled their fate. The same is true in Oedipus Rex, when the tragic hero, Oedipus, attempts to change his fate, but only ends up fulfilling it and causing more destruction than foretold. In the tragic play, Oedipus Rex, Sophocles demonstrates Oedipus attempting to alter his fate, but backfires and becomes the onset for traumatic experiences.
Oedipus, having heard his fate from an oracle, attempts to escape it, but only fulfils it through his attempts to elude it. As a young and naive mortal, Oedipus, attempts to evade the gods and cast them to the side by trying to set his own fate, but this very disrespect of the gods unravels his fate before him. This escape from fate, however, does not begin with Oedipus, but with his true father, Laïos, who “had pierced the baby [Oedipus’] ankles and left him to die,” in attempt to prevent the future events (38). The father, who had also been told of his child’s fate, endeavors to kill this child and prevent the soiling of his lineage and his ultimate downfall. Laïos, in trying to avoid fate, sets a precedent for his son, giving light to the old maxim of “the apple doesn't fall far from the tree,” and shows that the corruption is not inherent in their fate, but of their
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I believe fate is an unavoidable and often an unfortunate outcome. Fate is the belief that all events are determined by the divine will or by some force greater than man, that every event must take place as it does because it has been predetermined. Not a bible word or teaching. The Greeks believed that fate should be accepted because it ultimately cannot be avoided.
In Sophocles' Oedipus the King, the element of fate versus freewill shows up frequently all through the play. It is foreseen to Oedipus' parents, Jocasta and Laius, that their child would grow up to slaughter his father and wed his mother. Jocasta and Laius endeavor to dispose of their child, however, fate triumphs. Oedipus' fate all through the play has been chosen by the fate which adds to his annihilation. Various societies and cultures all through history have embraced similar perspectives, accepting a fate or destiny for their lives. Such points of view are very common is Greek myths who had confidence in "the three Fates" — goddesses who controlled the lives of individuals and the world in general. Clotho the youngest spins the thread of human life. She decides who will be born and when. Lachesis, a matron, measures the thread deciding a person’s lot in life. She is shown with a measuring stick, a scroll, a book, or a globe that represents the horoscope. Atropos, the oldest, choses the mechanism of death and ends the life of each mortal by cutting their thread. She is usually portrayed with a cutting instrument, a scroll, a wax tablet, a sundial, or a pair of scales. Even in modern day, some Christian philosophies incorporate destiny as fate. Many Jews acknowledge that their God has an arrangement for their people and nation.
Fate as defined by the Merriam Webster dictionary is ‘an inevitable and often adverse outcome, condition, or end’. Sophocles discusses fate vs free will in his plays. In the play Oedipus Rex there was a prophecy that Oedipus was destined to kill his father and marry his mother, he attempts to escape his destiny by running away to Thebes where he meets his fate. In the play Antigone, that main character Antigone decides to go against Creon’s (her uncle who has inherited the throne) decree and bury the brother, Polynices, knowing the consequences would lead to her death. In Sophocles’ plays Oedipus Rex and Antigone, the theme is mankind not being able to escape their fate.
The Greeks world view was a tragic one. Sophocles played an vital role in imparting the into importance of destiny into society. “Oedipus Rex is what is known as the tragedy of destiny. Its tragic effect is said to lie in contrast between the supreme will of the gods and the vain attempts of mankind to escape the evil that threatens them. The lesson which…the deeply moved spectator should learn from this tragedy is submission to the divine will and realization of his own impotence.” (Freud)
Sophocles states that “Fate has terrible power. You cannot escape it by wealth or war. No fort will keep it out, no ships outrun it.” Fate derives from a Latin word, fatum, meaning that one’s future is predetermined. In Oedipus Rex, Sophocles unfolds the misfortune of a noble king who searches for knowledge. Evidently, Greek heroes like Oedipus are destined to rule, but are also bound to fall, therefore, he cannot alter his own fate. This tragic play proves that the power of fate is indeed stronger than one’s free will. Despite his attempts to fight his destiny, Oedipus can never outrun his fate. Regardless of his parents’ desperation to evade the predicted outcome, fate guides his journey for knowledge, leading to his destruction.
Does fate control us or do we control fate? This question has been posed many times by numerous amounts of people. The struggle with answering this question is that one cannot know their effect on fate if that fate is not known. To combat the difficulties of answering this question directly one can look toward philosophy and literature to approach this question in a more direct manner. Through the philosophic ideologies presented in Epictetus’s Handbook and Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, one can observe how to approach fate and free will. In addition, looking at the literature of Macbeth, Oedipus The Tyrant, and Frederick Douglass’s Narrative, one can analyze examples of the relationship between fate and free will. Taking these philosophic approaches and applying them to literary examples, one can see how fate merely establishes events in life while free will allows for change to it.
In Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, has a very important theme about free will and fate. As well as, being a tragic hero tells us that this story has a tragic ending. From the beginning of the story one can notice that Oedipus is a very proud, confident, and arrogant man. Oedipus responded to justice by a relentless search for the truth behind Kings Laius murder, ultimately leading to his self-punishment, obviously demonstrating the total control of fate in his story.
Oedipus’ fate is one that he learns relatively early in his life, and takes measures to avoid; however, ultimately the measures that he takes to avoid his fate are what bring it about. Oedipus is told that “what will be, will be” (Sophocles 35) no matter what he does, but nevertheless he chooses not to listen and instead tries to hunt down the truth, despite being told to “not do [this]” (Sophocles 55). In this, Sophocles presents the reader with the greatest irony of the entire play: by utilising his free will to try to escape his fate, Oedipus only manages to fulfill his fate. Upon hearing of Oedipus’ horrible misfortune, the Chorus proclaims “all the generations of mortal man add up to nothing” (Sophocles 59). In the end, the choices Oedipus made in life didn’t change anything; he still fulfilled the prophecy by wedding his mother and killing his father. However, this is not to say that Oedipus didn’t possess or utilize free will. In life, Oedipus acts on his own terms; however, at the same time Oedipus’ life is heavily influenced by his refusal to accept his fate. By placing the concepts of fate and free will so closely together, Sophocles forces the reader to consider their relationship with each other. The Shepherd tells Oedipus “If you are the man, O then your life is lost” (Sophocles 58). This starkly
“Oedipus the King” is a tragic story written by Sophocles. Oedipus is a king that is trying to escape his fate. An oracle had predicted that he was going to be the killer of his father, and was going to sleep with his mother. When he was first born, his parents attempted to kill him yet he survived and was adopted. Instead of getting away from the atrocious future that was predicted, Oedipus walks right into his fate. This Greek tragedy is about transitions. He starts off as arrogant, unknowing, and full of ego but this drastically changes as we reach the end of the play. Oedipus becomes a wise man and has accepted how life is. No matter how much power or knowledge you have there is no way of tampering with fate, instead accept and learn from it.
Are all events predetermined? Does everyone have a prophetic destiny that they must fulfill? If so, who determines their fate? Who—or what—binds them to their fixed ending? Is there really no way to resist? Is fatalism—the theory that all events are preset and inevitable—true? And if it is—is there ever such a thing as free will?
In Sophocles's play Oedipus Rex, Oedipus is what is known in a tragedy as the tragic hero. Oedipus is the tragic hero because his fate goes from having the fortune to ending up in misfortune. Usually, the tragic hero is given a "tragic flaw" that sets the character up for his own downfall. The tragic flaw is intentionally an excessive positive trait causes the character fortune to turn to misfortune. In these Greek tragedies, fate plays another role in the outcome of the characters. The Gods trust that in the path they give a person, it would play out as it should. The fate the Gods choose to give them can also add to the character's downfall. In Oedipus Rex, the tragic result of Oedipus's down fall is the fault of fate and Oedipus's decisions because of the God's Prophecy, Oedipus's tragic flaw, and his parents' dishonesty.
Oedipus Rex is a story that can be interpreted on many different levels of thinking. The ancient tale has existed for centuries and has been subjected to countless forms of analysis. What is it that makes Oedipus the King such a fascinating story? Is it the suspense of a developing mystery that captivates the audience? Or perhaps the wonderful feeling the readers get after vicariously experiencing the horror Oedipus feels? And if not that, could it be that the reader is intrigued at Sophocles' description of one man's disbelief in the gods? Whichever way one looks at it, Oedipus Tyrannus was, and remains, one of the "most highly admired plays of all time" (Wood, et al, 163).
Sophocles is the author of the famous play, “Oedipus the King”. In case you did not know, Sophocles is from Greece. In Greek mythology there are three goddesses who preside over the birth and life of humans. Each person 's destiny was thought of as a thread spun, measured, and cut by the three Fates, Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos. In the story “Oedipus the King” fate and destiny was the main theme. On Google the definition of destiny is the events that will necessarily happen to a particular person or thing in the future. Fate is defined as, the development of events beyond a person 's control, regarded as determined by a supernatural power. In this paper I will be analyzing the story to help you understand the significance of destiny and fate to the story.
In most Greek stories there is a special misfortune or tragedy that befalls the main character in the end. The character in most cases is portrayed to have some imperfections or misconducts that usually result into their downfall or awful end. A story is told of Oedipus in the play Oedipus Rex where the main character Oedipus does not seem to be at all cost an exception of the usual dreadful end. However, we can ask ourselves a question at this point; was Oedipus responsible for his fate? Or was his destiny manipulated by the gods of the land? Or was it a punishment that was realised as a result of his actions against his parents? In this essay I will give facts that proves that despite the fact that Oedipus is not entirely the one responsible for his downfall, he played the biggest part leading to his downfall.