The Importance Of Global Terrorism

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The Global Terrorism Sanctions block, with certain exceptions, all property and interests in property of certain foreign persons that are in the United States, that come within the United States, or that come within the possession or control of U.S. persons, including their overseas branches. The sanctions also prohibit any transaction with or dealing with a U.S. person or within the United States in property or interests in property blocked under the Order. Also, any transaction by a U.S. person or a person within the United States that evades or avoids or attempts to evade or avoid the prohibitions in the Order is also prohibited.

The USA PATRIOT Act, (Pub. L. 107-56, October 26, 2001), the primary piece of legislation to emerge after
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government to protect global commerce from terrorism, developed to enhance and maintain security procedures throughout the global supply chain. Under the program, importing companies create policies to enhance their own security practices and those of their business partners involved in the supply chain. Upon the effective implementation of their policies, imports by these businesses are subject to expedited processing at entry.

Companies who elect to participate will undergo a C-TPAT validation, which is not a Customs audit, but a process under which Customs meets with company representatives and potentially visits selected domestic and foreign sites to examine the company's security profile to verify that specific supply chain security measures are accurate and are being followed. Through the program, Customs envisions enhancing partnerships, sharing "best practices," and cooperatively developing solutions to potential vulnerabilities, to enhance overall border security against international terrorism.

Effective December 2, 2002, this rule requires carriers to submit a cargo declaration 24 hours before cargo aboard the vessel at a foreign port. Enforcement of the rule began on February 2, 2003. On May 4, 2003, Customs began to issue "Do Not Load" messages for certain cargo that has an invalid or incomplete cargo description. This process is a change from initial enforcement actions that focused only on major departures from
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