Eight “splinters” angled glass panels define the shape of the Shard and result in changes in the diversity of the skin patterns. This curtain walling system consists of 11200 glass panels with the area of totally 56,000 square meter, which is equivalent to eight football pitches. The glazing element comprises a standard high specification double glazed unit inside with the addition of glazed spandrel panels outside in a silver opaque colour. These spandrel panels not only increase the aesthetic appeal to the external curtain wall but also carry out the important job of masking parts of the building such as floors and steel structures that would otherwise be visible from the outside. Each floor has 114 glazed panels with …show more content…
In addition, a colourless low-radiation coating has been added to reduce the reflection of infrared radiation back into the building. (Martin, 2010) This kind of design aims to reflect the surrounding environment of the city. For example, the building will flash like a shard of glass on a sunny day.
In order to achieve the immaculately flush surface treatment, the external glass plate over-sails the polyester-coated aluminium glazing beads and butt up against each other. The curtain walling contractor, Scheldebouw supports the glass on timber blocks for 48 hours and the silicon sticks on the glazing beads sets. Matthews claims that this eliminates the slight depression effect of the double glazing units. (Martin, 2010)
To achieve the building function and cool efficiently, the curtain wall design needed to be incorporated into the effective means of controlling the solar gain. The main solar control comes from the roller blinds in the ventilated inner cavity of the triple-glazed glass to reduce solar radiation by 95%. The resistance of the building to solar gain is measured by “G value” which for the average office is 0.34 when using double glazing. According to Arup’s Shard project manager, David Healy, by using triple glazing with intelligent motorised roller blinds control system which could track the position and intensity of the sun to deploy the blinds only when required, the G value at The Shard will be reduced by 0.12. thereby significantly
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ALAND Developments will not meet this recommendation as a sufficient amount of lighting has been provided as per Australian Standards, all internal vertical members are white plastic thus inadvertently increasing light levels and aiding in illumination of the area.
Stability and balance is also achieved through the incorporation of the vertical and horizontal planes. In the southwest facade of the building the vertical slits are balanced with the horizontal planes created by the cubes, cornice and the ornamental horizontal band that runs halfway through the walls. These vertical and horizontal planes further dictate a rhythmic continuity throughout the building. Building's scale is rather modest in comparison to its site and the surrounding landscape and the smooth texture of the facade helps its integration to the environment. (Figure 4)
Drawing visual inspiration from the bow it's named after, the curved glass offers this little shower cubicle an air of elegance. The 6mm glass provides durable strength to last.
The true purpose of these walls has been met with some different voices on the topic. A student Michael Lane said that the glass walls purpose “Appearence,” a fellow student Brandon Endsley agreed.
Fossil fuels are harmful to the environment, they release chemicals into the atmosphere which reduces the air quality, and degrades the protective ozone layer around the Earth. Solar power is unlike fossil fuels in this way; solar harnesses power from the sun, a never ending source, in a simple process that does not harm the environment, making it renewable and sustainable. For a comfortable indoor temperature year round, this house utilises double glazed operable windows. Double glazing windows increases thermal protection of the house by creating a thicker insulating layer, it keeps the cold air outside in winter, and the warm air outside in summer that would usually be transmitted through the windows. The structure is made from metal cladding, cement sheet and plantation timber. Metal cladding and cement sheet create a thermal layer that protects the
A large overhanging canopy extends above the main glass structure to further conjure the image and feeling of a pavilion, and provide shade and protection from rain, snow, and ice. The roof is equipped with a louver system, enabling staff to adjust fan blades to allow more or less natural sunlight to penetrate through the ceiling, depending on the preferred temperature and time of year, much like the roof of the Verizon Center. Given the incredible amount of precipitation dumped on the Metro area last winter, engineers were forced to tweak the angle of the roof to make sure accumulated snow and ice loads could slide safely off. Thick, insulated, high performance glass
In this article the author, Terry L. Maple, focuses mainly on the animal enclosures. Maple states that although the sizes are frequently inadequate, that the quality of the space is just as important than the quantity of the space. Many animals that are in zoos, they are removed from the wild at a young age. With animals like monkeys it is more noticeable. Maple speaks of how monkeys that are taken from their mothers seem to go 'insane' whenever they are in captivity. Not only does it affect their mental state, it also affects their parenting skills. Motherless monkeys are more likely to neglect their own babies. Maple also talks about how most zoos only have the room and money for a few animals for each exhibit and how it isn't healthy for
People believe that animals in zoo enclosures have limited freedom and that their life must be terrible. However, Pi disagrees because he sees that animals living in the wild are always competeing against one another to survive. Whereas, a zoo enclosure allows animals freedom and happiness. Pi realizes that many people see religion as thing where they are forced to be in, but, Pi sees his as his life and responsibility.
Each building has its own concept which defines what kind of design it used. The roof design of the National Art Gallery adopted the combination of aluminium rainscreen cladding with curtain wall system. The following will briefly discuss on the system used:-
With the rear of the building consisting primarily of glass and southwestern exposure, accounting for sun will be a consideration in design to ensure that any potential problems are mitigated in advance. Our
From the rooms on the first and second floor, the views of the city can be seen as there is a small balcony for each room that open onto this narrow airwell, water feature and the old party wall where the guests can have a cup of tea or coffee enjoying the beauty of the city. With the design which has lots of open and exposed spaces as well as the floor-to-ceiling glass windows and the modern comforts and fittings, plenty of natural light can penetrate into the room although they are compact and minimalist. Each light-filled guest room has a glass-enclosed compact bathroom with the privacy is protected as those glass walls are facing the mouldy walls of the adjoining shophouse. Moreover, guests can also relax themselves and mingle on the small roof terrace upstairs with the lovely views of the historical