The Importance Of The Mayan Civilization In Guatemala

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The Mayan civilization resided in the tropics, in what is now Guatemala ( Staff). The Classic Maya civilization included approximately 40 cities; including, Tikal, Uaxactún, Copán, Bonampak, Dos Pilas, Calakmul, Palenque and Río Bec. The populations of these cities ranged from 5,000 to 50,000 people. It is believed that at its peak, the Maya population was close to 2,000,000 (Frater, Jamie). This culture held family life, religious ceremonies, their relationship with nature, food, survival, and their architecture to a great significance. One of the most intricate components of their culture is their religious ceremonies and beliefs. The Mayan people are known to be incredibly religious, and their beliefs established the creation of humans, the world, and everything they held sacred. The believed in many gods, including the gods of the sun, moon, rain, and corn. Two of these gods, the wind and sky gods, came together to create the earth. According to the Mayans creation story, it took the gods three tries to form the perfect creations to honour them (Gomez, Maria C.). This is one of the reasons religion was taken so seriously in their culture. Excavations of Maya sites have unearthed plazas, palaces, temples and pyramids, as well as courts for playing the ball games that were spiritually and politically significant to Maya culture (Frater, Jamie). If this ball game was being played to settle a political argument, the losers may be sacrificed; however, if it

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