The Importance of Maintaining Marine Environment

1882 Words Feb 19th, 2018 7 Pages
Oceans and coastal seas are vital part of marine environment. Over 60% of the world’s population live within 100 km of the coast and it is increasing. Interactions between the atmosphere and the oceans are important in the regulation of climate and weather, which in turn interact with marine environment. Marine environment provides benefits like protein sources and economic activity associated with fisheries, aquaculture, tourism, renewable energy and recreational activities. Marine ecosystems are a major source of biodiversity and a focal point for biogeochemical cycling. Regular contact with the natural environment results in increased physical activity and therefore fitness, reduced levels of stress, stronger communities, increased awareness of importance of natural environment.
Oceans and seas are source of natural resources and are a magnet for human habitation. Even after this mankind often uses it as a sink for society’s waste. Pollution and overfishing exert pressure on marine ecosystems and biodiversity. Marine environment is under pressure from land-derived contaminants and climate change, but its socioeconomic consequences and the effects on human health are not well understood. Interactions between the marine environment and humans are highly significant, diverse and complex. Knowing these interactions and its effect on human health is a major scientific challenge,…
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