The planet Mars is a red plant that is found in the Solar System in the Milky Way Galaxy one planets farther from the sun than Earth. The planet Mars has a very thin atmosphere full of primarily carbon dioxide. The surface of Mars is very dusty and rocky because of volcanoes. The geology of Mars is different from Earth in many ways including the amount of volcanoes, mountains, valleys, and internal makeup.
As my class mates have stated, there is plenty of evidence that water once flowed on Mars, the most obvious being flow patterns. But how can they tell the difference between flow patterns left by wind versus water? As best stated by Dr. John Grotzinger, scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, “Ripples that formed in wind look different than ripples formed in water”. “Some patterns seen in the outcrop ….. might have resulted from wind, but others are reliable evidence of water flow.” Scientists specifically look at flow patterns around rocks or other obstacles, because patterns are more clearly visible around these structure. Water flow patterns on Mars are consistent with what would be expected from viscous water. The sediment
Mars is an interesting and mysterious planet. It is often referred to as the Red Planet. The Romans named Mars after the god of war. The rocks, soil, and sky all have a red hue on account of rust. Mars is the fourth planet from the sun at about 141 million miles (228 million kilometers) and the last terrestrial planet from the Sun. Mars follows closely behind Earth but is comparatively smaller, with about half the diameter of Earth (6,794-km) and about one-tenth of Earth s mass (6.419 x 1023 kg). Thus the force of gravity on Mars is about one-third of that on Earth. Mars is probably the planet we know the most about since it is so close to Earth, though what we know now is not even close to everything about the planet. Over
Mars was formed by materials that were released by the early solar nebula. Mars’ core is 1,300-1,500 km in radius and is not active. The lack of movement by the core leads to a lack of a magnetic field on the planet, and a lack of plate tectonics. Mars was formed very quickly, and the amount of accretion led to global melting. This
Because Mars has only 38% of Earth’s gravity, it is likely that upper layers the Red Planet’s atmosphere boiled away into space and were blasted out by meteor hits. This theory could explain why even though Mars is barren, there is evidence of life.
The planet Mars was discovered in 1659 by Christian Huygens, who was a Dutch astronomer. The planet is consisted of volcanic rock, as well as a talcum powder like dust that covers the planet. In the future Mars may develop rings around the planet because of the comets and meteorites getting to close to the planet's surface and being broken down into smaller pieces, eventually pulling the particles into a gravitational pull. The atmosphere mainly consists of a dense cloud of carbon dioxide. The planet's day length is approximately twenty-four hours and twenty-three minutes.
Mars has two moons: Phobos and Deimos. They are among the smallest in the solar system. Phobos has 1000 times less gravitational force than the Earth and orbits Mars three times a day while the Deimos is more distant away, orbiting the Mars every 30 hours. Phobos orbits only 6000 km above the surface of the planet and is gradually moving inward at 1.8 m closer to the surface each century. It is expected that in the next 50 million years, gravitational force will break apart Phobos, leading to the formation of a ring that would last 100 million years.
Scientists now believe that humans can live in the Red Planet and we should move there someday. The Red Planet, also known as Mars, is the fourth planet from the Sun in our solar system. It is a cold desert planet with flat lands and largest volcanoes such as Olympus Mons. Mars is under the thin and cold atmosphere which may be the evidence that liquid water cannot exist in here. However this mysterious planet gives a clue of the possibility of liquid water existence which is the valleys and channels in Mars. This planet has strong dust storms, seasons, and the average temperature is -60 degree Celsius. It has 2 moons, Phobos and Deimos that are rich in carbon and ice. Scientists predicted that after 50 million years, Phobos can hit Mars or become its ring due to the movement getting closer to Mars every century.
In the article, “Mars Pebbles Carried for Miles by River”, the author mainly talks about that one reason for the proof of water on Mars is erosion. The pebbles that were found on Mars were round and smooth showing that the water had moved these pebbles and caused them to hit one another. A model created by Domokos, a mathematician, was able to figure out the pebble’s shape and weight that changed as it hit other objects. Researchers were able to calculate that the rocks probably traveled about thirty miles. These researchers believe that the source for the rocks moving is water. The worn out smooth rocks show that there was water on Mars. This article explains that water could be found on Mars because of erosion, which definitely gives us one
Just by looking through a telescope, the first thing we notice is the red dust that covers Mars’ atmosphere. A probe from NASA came back with samples of the red dust. After several analysis, NASA scientists have concluded that the
No matter how water came to exist on Earth, there is no denying that it has become the basis for life as we know it. From the largest animal, to the smallest microbe, water is essential. Microbes, in particular, have made water their homes and their diversity within these freshwater aquatic habitats was tested in this experiment and the hypothesis put forward was that cleaner water, pond B, contained a higher biodiversity as compared to dirty water. Water from two different freshwater ponds, A and B, was collected and placed in beakers, six slides of each water sample were prepared carefully and methyl cellulose was added so the movement of microbes could be inhibited. The entire section under the cover slip was viewed and no area was left out of view, this was done by using an overlap of view method. Organisms spotted were identified using a key and the names and numbers recorded. After all observations, a table was created and further information was extracted from the table and put into graphs. It was found that dirty water contained a high biodiversity than cleaner water and the original hypothesis put forward was rejected.
NASA has already begun with Earth Reliant and Proving Ground which benefits them. The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft has arrived in the Mars orbit on September 21 2014. MAVEN was launched on November 18 2013 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. It carried 3 instruments with it, Particles and Fields Package, Remote Sensing Package, and Neutral Gas and Ion Mass Spectrometer. These instruments will be used to study the solar wind, ionosphere, upper atmosphere, and the formation of atomic particles in Mars. And now it will begin to research about how climate changed, how did the changes impact of Mars evolution of surface and increased possibility of
One thing that we know is that there is ice on Mars. However, the ice we know is not made up of water, but it consists of carbon dioxide. It also snows carbon dioxide. One clue of water is on some craters where you can see signs of water that has once gone down the slopes. When we are on Mars, we will need water. Our crew is planning to transport water from Earth to Mars. This water can be used for drinking and any other necessary things.
just how orange it is! But hey, this comes from the same species that calls people with what looks to be orange hair “red heads”. It also has some similarities to Earth, if our planet’s major water source was in the frozen polar caps and the rest of the planet looked like an orange and rockier Sahara Desert. This is probably on account to Mars’s magnetosphere. Or should I say lack of one (SOMETHING). On Earth, the magnetosphere is responsible for blocking most of the energetic radiation from hitting the surface (SOMETHING). It has been suggested that 4.5 billion years ago, Mars did too have a magnetosphere due to it having a molten core but it has since dissipated as the core cooled (SOMETHING). While there is no global magnetosphere, data