The Invention Of Dna Testing

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Improper forensics, bad lawyering, snitches, unqualified “experts,” eye witness misidentification, false confessions, and mishandled evidence are all just a few reasons for wrongful convictions in the justice system. However, the authors of Actual Innocence: When Justice Goes Wrong and How to Make it Right, discuss how DNA is a main factor into “actually innocent” people. Throughout this book we learn stories about those who were wrongfully convicted and later proven guilty for reasons such as DNA testing. While this proves to us that not everyone convicted is guilty, it points out many other errors in the criminal justice system as well. The beginning chapters of the book discuss the invention of DNA testing as well as the unreliability of eye witness testimony. As of 2003, the authors mention that thirty-two states had post conviction DNA testing statutes with legislation pending in ten others (Dwyer 352). This allows testing when there is such DNA evidence relating to the crime available. More than two thirds of the 130 post conviction DNA exonerations in the United States involved mistaken eye witness identifications (Dwyer 353). This is because witnesses are encouraged to pick which participant compares best to the image they have in their head even though the true perpetrator may not be present. Eye witness testimonies are the primary source brought against defendants and is one of the most important ones that need to focus on reform. Later chapters bring up the

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