The Islam : The Holy Of The Arab Prophet Muhammad

1703 Words7 Pages
Pages 254-260
1. (a) Mecca, an oasis city located in western Arabia, is the birthplace to the Arab prophet Muhammad.
(b) The Kaaba is a sacred Muslim shrine. The prophet Abraham was thought to have built this shrine by himself.
(c) Muhammad married a woman named Khadija; she was a wealthy widower who ran a prosperous caravan business.
(d) The Quran is the sacred text of Islam and is considered the word of God.
(e) The Sharia is the code of laws that are derived from the teachings of the Quran and the prophet Muhammad. These laws were the interpretation of what type of behavior was accepted by God.
(f)”People of the Book” refers to Christians and Jewish people who believe in the same God as one another. To Muslims, these people were spiritually superior to religions who believed in the worship of multiple Gods.
2. (a) The Hijra is a journey from Mecca to Yathrib that Muhammad took in 622.
(b) A Caliph is the successor of Muhammad.
(c) A Muslim worship place is a Mosque.
(d) One of the five main pillars of the Muslim faith was the hajj, which is a pilgrimage to Mecca.
3. Muhammad’s rise to becoming the prophet of the Islamic people began, initially, when he had a vision. This vision told him to proclaim the word of God to everyone. Eventually, after the hijra, Muhammad’s influence grew and he came to be known as the prophet of Islam.
4. (a) The Five Pillars of Islam are the fundamental beliefs of Islam. These five pillars are a declaration of faith, daily prayer, giving

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