The Kyoto Protocol 's Compliance Mechanism And Its Function

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The purpose of this essay is to review the major characteristics of the Kyoto Protocol’s compliance mechanism and its function. The essay will address the structural elements of the compliance system and how these are integrated and how they operate. Further the essay will discuss the general operation of both the Enforcement Branch and the Facilitation Branch and the powers available to the compliance committee to ensure compliance or resolve issues. Finally, the essay will provide an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses inherent within this system.
The challenge facing the global community in achieving an effective response to climate change, is that often the long-term sustainability objective of the global community is weighed against short-term economic objectives of States and found wanting. Article 2 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), states that the
‘objective of the treaty is to stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Such a level should be achieved within a time-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner’.
Although the UNFCCC set out a clear vision for the global response to climate change, it lacked the mechanism to ensure compliance. The Kyoto Protocol is an
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