The Main Theme in the Ilyad: Anger Essay

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The main idea of the Iliad is written in the first line, as Homer asks the Muse to sing of the "wrath of Achilles." The main theme in the Ilyad is anger – the vice which is not included into Homer's ideal, which leads to impulsive decisions and alienation from the society, but its abscence brings good consequences.

Homer is trying to teach his people that anger can lead to rush and impulsive decisions. It is well presented when Paris stole Helen from Agamemnon, which action provoked his wrath and start of the Trojan war. Thousands of Greeks died during that war which was triggered by Agamemnon’s anger. In the Iliad Homer gives a good example of a bad king. Of a king who impulsively started the most murderous ancient war because of his anger and wrath. Homer wants to teach his people by pointing out this impulsive decision that Agamemnon had made. The Achilles’ rejection of participating in the Trojan war is also can be used as an example of a rush and unthinking action. He almost deprived himself of honor and glory. Also he jeopardized the lives of the Greeks because they could not fight effectively enough without him. So, anger is a vice, which could lead to the rush, impulsive and unthinking decisions.

The second thing that Homer is trying to say in the Iliad is that anger can lead to the alienation from the society. The wrath of Achilles is provoked by Achilles' sense of honor as a result of discord, which leads to the warrior's alienation from the Greeks and…