The New Criticism, Structuralism, New Historical And African American Criticism

1991 WordsDec 8, 20168 Pages
The paper is aimed to conduct an explanation introduction in four definitions, New Criticism, Structuralism, New Historical and African-American criticism. The paper will be divided into three parts, definitions, the comparison of their difference and the conclusion. 1. Definition New Criticism The word New Criticism was appearing on the book, "The New Criticism", written by John Crowe Ransom. In his book, "The New Criticism", Ransom came up with a new formalist current, which emphasized close reading, particularly of poetry, to discover how a work of literature functioned as a self-contained, self-referential aesthetic object. It soon became a dominated theory in the middle of 20th century in Anglo-America.( Tyson, 135) Structuralism Basically, Structuralism was firstly set up in Europe by Ferdinand de Saussure, a structural linguist. It is a kind of methodology which discusses hat elements of human culture must be understood in terms of their relationship to a larger, overarching system or structure. It works to uncover the structures that underlie all the things that humans do, think, perceive, and feel. In fact, structuralism is aimed to find the inner structure logic behind millions of words. In literary, structuralism the narrative dimension of literary texts because Structuralism Criticism deals mainly with narrative.(Tyson, 219) Structuralistic literary criticism argues that the "literary banter of a text" can lie only in new structure, rather than in the specifics

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