The Origin Of The Word Cancer

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The origin of the word cancer is credited to the Greek physician Hippocrates, who is considered to be the Father of Medicine. One out of every two men and one out of every three women will be diagnosed with cancer, but despite those huge numbers most individuals does not know what that really means.
Cancer is when abnormal cells divide in an uncontrolled way and develops when the body’s normal control mechanism stops working. Cancer cells are different than normal cells in many ways that allow them to develop out of control and become invasive. Normal cells mature into distinct cell types with particular functions and cancer cells do not. Unlike normal cells, cancer cells continue to divide without stopping. Many cancers form solid tumors, which are masses of tissue. Tumors can be malignant or benign. Unlike malignant tumors, benign tumors do not invade tissues that are near. Cancerous tumors are malignant, which means these tumors invade tissues. A cancer that has spread from where it started to other places in the body is called metastatic cancer. The process is called metastasis. Treatment may help prolong the lives of some people with metastatic cancer. There are many types of cancer treatment. The types of treatment that a patient receives will depend on the type of cancer that they have and how advanced it is. The main types of treatment are surgery, radiotherapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy and bone and stem cell transplants.


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