The Philosophies Of Hannah Arendt

Decent Essays

The Philosophies of Hannah Arendt in the Past and the Present “There are no dangerous thoughts, thinking itself is dangerous” (Berkowitz et al. 2014), states Arendt. Arendt who lived through the atrocities of the 20th century (i.e. the Holocaust), placed the focus of her arguments and beliefs on the matter. Her arguments focus on of the banality of evil and how it is purely comprised of human action and arguably human inaction. Ultimately she contends that mass society is to be blamed and not a single individual, for any evils which are brought into existence. She believed that the most important cure to relieve the suffering brought by these evil actions and policies, was the art of thinking. She insisted that the greatest evils …show more content…

The policies in which are created and reinforced by these social institutions, contribute to the dehumanization, exclusion, and superfluity of human beings. Hayden (2010) suggests that dehumanization is much worse than genocide. In other words, forcing a human being to live as anything but such, makes it seem like they are “already dead” (Hayden 2010: 456). Moreover, Hayden (2010) states that though murder may destroy a life, “superfluity destroys reality, the fact of existence itself” (456). Superfluity is defined as unnecessary or redundant (Oxford 2017); thus, by human beings being rendered superfluous, they lose their humanity. They are excluded and deprived of their human rights (Hayden 2010). This is evident in global poverty where billions of individuals suffer impoverished conditions because they are unable to assimilate and contribute to the culture of consumption (Hayden 2010: 457). Poverty then leads to individuals being unable to make contributions and participate in building the “common world” that Arendt saw as an escape from totalitarianism (Hayden 2010: 464). Additionally, Hayden (2010) argues that individuals who fail to question and challenge structural policies are to be blamed for the preservation of these policies and the evils they create. On the other hand, the interviewees in the audio centralize their discussion on the philosophies of Arendt; where, she saw thinking as the most

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