The Philosophy Of Moral Relativism

973 WordsMay 5, 20164 Pages
In the beginning of the semester, we were given an ethical inventory and I felt fairly confident with my results. I 've never taken an ethics class before, so I was very interested in learning about different philosophies. I came to class with an opened mind and eager with curiosity and was intrigued by the many different philosophical theories. This newfound information influenced my current stance when re-taking the inventory. There were a few questions which I had a change of heart in, most of these questions circled around the philosophy of moral relativism and moral absolutism. At the start of the course, I believed that right and wrong was not determined by one 's culture. I believed that every being acknowledges that there are certain overarching morals, i.e., thou shalt not kill. By the end of the course, I changed my opinion on the matter; this change is influenced by the philosopher, Ruth Benedict. Benedict 's philosophy of moral relativism states that morality is culturally relative—morality is dependent upon what is socially approved, and that "good" varies among different societies. Each society has their own expectations of behavior, and that in turn molds the morality of the individual. For example, an individual being brought up in Nazi Germany will view the treatment of Jews as "normal ," not batting an eye, in seeing them murdered. Nonetheless, I still stand behind my initial idea of a "universal morality" but I understand and accept the role in which
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