The Political Nature Of Emergency Management And The Future Of Disaster Policy

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The Political Nature of Emergency Management and The Future of Disaster Policy In this paper we will discuss the history of Emergency Management and the political influence shrouding this field for the past two hundred years. Political influence has been steadily increasing and this can be attributed in part to the rise in social media and the increased involvement by local leaders during disaster recovery and response. To support this theory we will also analyze Hurricane Sandy and looking at three politically charged components of the disaster. Finally, we will discuss disaster policy and the future of emergency management. History of Political Influence in Emergency Management The Emergency management field is intrinsically influenced by politics. The shear nature of the Federal Emergency Management Agency as a government entity means it will always be influenced by politics and those in office. Emergency Management in an organized fashion, had very humble beginnings in 1803, when congress passed an act to provide fund to a New Hampshire town that had been severely impacted by a fire (Haddow, 2014). This act would precipitate a 200 plus year relationship between the government and emergency response. The Obama administration toyed with idea of removing FEMA from the Department of Homeland Security and making it an independent organization again (Haddow, 2014). This did not come to pass however, the current administrator at the time, W. Craig Fugate, created the

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