The Problem Of Organ Donation And Transplantation Essay

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The United States is considered to be one of the leading nations in the area of medicine. Some of the best hospitals, medical schools, and groundbreaking research are located or conducted in the United States. However, there is one area of medicine in which the United States has fallen behind in comparison to its other global counterparts. This is the area of organ donation and transplantation. As of August 2013, the total number of people on the waitlist for organs in the United States was around 120,000 according to the United Network of Organ Sharing. Comparatively, the number of organ transplants performed in the United States was only 11,580 according to the United Network of Organ Sharing. Therefore, there is a prominent difference between supply and demand of organs in the United States. Many consider the greatest challenge facing transplant medicine today is the shortage of organs. This shortage of organs has led to great ethical challenges within the transplant community (Shafran et al. 1650-1652). There have been a variety of proposed potential solutions to alleviate the organ shortage, but all of these ideas have their own unique ethical implications. In order to combat the shortage of organs available for transplant, numerous countries, including Spain and Singapore have adopted opt-out systems or presumed consent for organ donation. Whereas, the United States currently operates exclusively under an opt-in system for organ donation. A likely reason the United

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