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The Purpose Of The Marshmallow Experiment

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The Marshmallow Experiment was pioneered in the 1960s at the Stanford University daycare. It introduces a connection between success in the future of young children by their ability to delay gratification. This study has been operating for more than forty years and still more studies are being added to test different variables such as studying an individual's emotional impulses and studying the effects of changing the reliability of a child's environment during the marshmallow experiment. When these variables are taken into account the result drastically changed. There have also been follow-up studies on the first participants with findings that explain the results of having low and high delayed gratification. The purpose of the Marshmallow Experiment is to test how long a young child, typically in the range of 3-5 years-old for the experiment, could wait before giving into temptation. First, the children were given one given a marshmallow by a researcher of the study, they were instructed to wait to eat the marshmallow until the researcher came back. If they waited for a total of 15 minutes the researcher would return with a second marshmallow. 2 out of 3 of the kids gave into temptation. While, 1 out of 3 kids had enough willpower to distract themselves so that they could receive the second treat. Several years later, researchers remained in contact with these subjects and found that the “high delayers,” as they were referred to in Mia Szalavitz’s article, “The
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