The Reasons behind the Cold War Essay

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The Cold war was a sustained state of military and political tension between powers of two dominating powers from opposite sides of the globe. One from the Western Bloc, or Capitalist Bloc, dominated by the United States (U.S) and the other from the Eastern Block, or Communist Bloc, powered by the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R). Obviously both very different, the opposing ideas of the superpowers supported the spread of their respective and economic systems and strengthened their military powers. As a result, the two sides developed new weapon systems, stockpiled nuclear weapons, and competed in space exploration. But what actually caused these tensions between the two? How come their differences in ideology made it impossible to cooperate?

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The Cold war was a sustained state of military and political tension between powers of two dominating powers from opposite sides of the globe. One from the Western Bloc, or Capitalist Bloc, dominated by the United States (U.S) and the other from the Eastern Block, or Communist Bloc, powered by the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R). Obviously both very different, the opposing ideas of the superpowers supported the spread of their respective and economic systems and strengthened their military powers. As a result, the two sides developed new weapon systems, stockpiled nuclear weapons, and competed in space exploration. But what actually caused these tensions between the two? How come their differences in ideology made it impossible to cooperate?

It all started at the end of the Second World War. In WWII, the United States and the Soviet Union were allies against Germany and their allies. After defeating Germany, the allies did not agree on how to European map should look like and how borders should be drawn. Each side had dissimilar ideas on the establishment and maintenance of post-war security with the Western allies desiring a security system established by democratic governments permitting countries to resolve conflicts through international organizations. The Russians on the other hand, with an enormous death toll (estimated at 27 million) sought to increase security by dominating the internal affairs of countries that bordered it . During the ending period of war, Stalin had made