The Reasons behind the Cold War Essay

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The Cold war was a sustained state of military and political tension between powers of two dominating powers from opposite sides of the globe. One from the Western Bloc, or Capitalist Bloc, dominated by the United States (U.S) and the other from the Eastern Block, or Communist Bloc, powered by the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R). Obviously both very different, the opposing ideas of the superpowers supported the spread of their respective and economic systems and strengthened their military powers. As a result, the two sides developed new weapon systems, stockpiled nuclear weapons, and competed in space exploration. But what actually caused these tensions between the two? How come their differences in ideology made it impossible to cooperate?

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Put in effect in June 1947, the Marshall Plan was to stop the Soviet Union from influencing any of the weakened powers in the west. During that time, the United States had sent billions of dollars in aid to European democracies in order for them to rebuild after the war. Stalin did not understand and saw Truman’s actions as insensitive to the Russians who had many deaths and war damages.
As a result, Stalin refused to aid in the Marshall Plan. He also defied these plans with setting up Pro-Communist governments in Poland and other countries all over Eastern countries making the “Iron Curtain” separating the East and West in Europe. This lack of rebuilding from the Communists side showed even after the reunification of the Iron Curtain. The economy in Germany took a massive hit, since it had to repay for all the damages done that the Communists never paid.
In 1948, the Truman Doctrine was introduced for all the states going through a struggle for freedom against their oppressors. President Truman said, "I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures." The Truman Doctrine presented a policy of Containment; Communism would be limited only to

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